Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley Essay Example for Free - Sample 1511 wor

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • ChefSnow6985
  • 6

This preview shows page 1 out of 6 pages.

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 6 pages?

Unformatted text preview: 6/19/2019 Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley Essay Example for Free - Sample 1511 words We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we ’ll assume you’re on board Want to get a with our cookie policy A+ price estimate for your Essay? DEADLINE 29.06 17:00 PAPER TYPE Essay (Any Ty PAGES 2 550 words (double spaced) 128 Writers online CHECK PRICE Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley Essay Essay Topic: Civilization, Babylonia Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley civilizations have long been compared throughout history and were both some of the earliest civilizations in the world. Mesopotamia, also known as, ‘the land between the rivers,’ was named for the triangular area between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. This area has been extended and now covers modern day Iraq, adding ancient Assyria and Babylonia to that land. The Indus civilization is often referred to as the Harappan civilization from the rst city discovered called Harappa. We will write a custom essay on Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley speci cally for you HELP ME WITH WRITING for only $16.38 $13.90/page 1/6 6/19/2019 Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley Essay Example for Free - Sample 1511 words ORDER NOW SEND ME THIS SAMPLE We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we ’ll assume you’re on board Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours 23:59:59 with our cookie policy The Indus civilization existed in the vast river plains of what are now Pakistan and northwestern India between the Indus and Ganges rivers from about 2800 BC to 1800 BC. SEND Enter Your E-mail Though these two territories had many things in common due to their surrounding geographies, they also di ered in some fundamental ways such as economy, government, and social system. How about make it original? Let us edit for you at only $13.90/page to make it 100% original The economy of Mesopotamia was mainly agricultural, but also included wool, hair, and leather. The domestication of animals, painting of pottery, and most importantly, agriculture ORDER CREATIVE SAMPLE NOW spread to Greece from Mesopotamia. This agriculture was being jeopardized from the progressing salinization (treating of salt) of the soil, and the weakening of the dikes. This necessitated constant watch employed by the temple and the palace. Silver was used in the Babylonian period, and it was being hoarded as treasure by the palace and the temple. There were three kinds of trade going on in Mesopotamia, one being inner city trade. The second kind was an ongoing trade between foreign cities and trading outposts. The last was the export of industrial goods to sights such as Al Mina at the mouth of the Orontes River in Syria. Items that were exported include textiles made by serfs(servant required to perform labor for his/her lord) and the importing of metal, stone, lumber, spices and perfumes. The economy of the Indus civilization was similar to Mesopotamia in that both had an agriculture based on irrigation and fertility by silt bearing oods. Cereal crops were also similar, the two main ones being wheat and barley. Trade was a large part of this civilization, but they were not as reliant on trade as Mesopotamia was. They traded with their neighbors to the West items such as metal ores for crafts. Trade may have been conducted by private merchants as there is substantiation of caravan routes. Some routes linked Northwest India with Mesopotamia, while others lined the sea route along the Persian Gulf. Part of every farmer’s crop was paid into the granary. These granaries were massive for the time, and are supposedly the equivalent of a state bank or treasury. The level of grain present would have represented the level of public credit. In Mesopotamia there were state and temple grain stores, but because of the size and architectural importance of those at the Indus sights, they are believed to have a greater value. A centralized government ruled the state in Indus civilization. The regular planning of Indus towns and cities was made such that each was built as a whole by an authority with total control. As a result of the consistency over such a large area, the entire Indus area was a uni ed state. The two main sights were Harrapa and Mohenjo-Daro, and they were the commercial and administrative centers. It is unlikely that there were two equal rulers, more likely a combined military and religious power. There weren’t temples that dominated the HELP ME WITH WRITING area like at Mesopotamia, only a few shrines have been found in the Indus territory. The nature of the authority there isn’t known, whether it was ruling priests or kings but it is 2/6 nature of the authority there isn t known, whether it was ruling priests or kings but it is known that the ruling privileged had religious practices of ritual cleaning through bathing. The government and rule of the Harappan civilization tied in with their social structure. In SEND ME THIS SAMPLE We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we ’ll assume you’re on board this hierarchy system, the Brahmans (priests) were at the top, followed by the Kshatriyas Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours 23:59:59 with our cookie policy (warriors), the Vaisyes (commoners/merchants), the Sudras (artisans and laborers) and SEND nally a sort of sub-class, the Untouchables. The only di erence between this system and Enter Your E-mail other ancient systems is that as per Hinduism, you cannot change class. You stay into the class you were born into. This ties in with the religious belief of reincarnation and that you How about make it original? must lead a good life in order to have good Karma and be born into a better caste. Each class Let us edit for you at only $13.90/page to make it 100% original lived a di erent lifestyle. They had certain occupations that other classes don’t follow, they ate di erent types of food, they had di erent family customs, and so forth. The Brahmin ORDER CREATIVE SAMPLE NOW were the judges and priests who held important positions in government and had the most wealth and power. In Mesopotamia the ruling powers were both divine and royal. The Sumerians had a belief that people were created by gods to labor for them. The temple and its land belonged to the god Ningirsu and his wife Baba, and their family. The land owning upper classes included ruling princes and their families, leading priests, and palace o cials. The political function was not separated from the religious function for much of Mesopotamia’s history. In old Babylonian times a town or a precinct mayor led a group or council of elders. Nobility formed the upper house of elders, and also land-owning commoners met in a popular assembly to make important decisions. Together they managed dealings such as appointing governors, and choosing kings to be temporary military commanders in times of crisis. Eventually there was a separation of the kings from the temple, and the soldiers were kept in the king’s palace. The king with his increasing power, acted not only in the name of his city god, but also in that of justice, the sun god Utu. Because of the divine and the royal interest in justice, the people felt safe and secure that injustices would be punished. In the social structure of Mesopotamia they had skilled people that knew about medicines and they also had physicians. Documents from old Babylonian periods state that they used herbs and animal parts. Mesopotamia had a great slave population, including di erent kinds of slaves. There were slaves which private persons kept, and those belonging to the palace and the temple, called serfs. City people did not usually own slaves though. The family units here were small, with one wife, except in old Babylonia sometimes a man could take a second wife. There were other associations shown in society such as religious care for the souls of the dead, and professional groups of highly trained people in exorcism and divination techniques. There were brewers and craftsmen whose success depended on the relationship of the palace and the temple. Often in Mesopotamia there existed a tension between it and surrounding country, which caused a lack of political stability. The temple and palace made HELP ME WITH WRITING income from taxes or rent or income from agricultural holdings. They also collected the o erings from worshipers of god. The relationship between the king and his subjects was 6/19/2019 Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley Essay Example for Free - Sample 1511 words 3/6 o erings from worshipers of god. The relationship between the king and his subjects was complete obedience on the same level as worshipping gods. The upkeep of roads was the royal responsibility, and certain privileges were also ensured by the city, which all took place SEND ME THIS SAMPLE inside the city walls, much like the city walls of Indus areas. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we ’ll assume you’re on board Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours 23:59:59 with our cookie policy Mesopotamia had its Golden Age during 2900-2700 BC. Kish, a city in the north of Babylonia, SEND is the rst postdiluvial (post- ood) city mentioned in the Sumerian King Lists. After the great Enter Your E-mail Flood, the `kingdom lowered again from heaven’. It was the age when `the four quarters of the world’ lived in harmony. According to excavations, Kish was an important city in How about make it original? Mesopotamia. It was the center of the of the rst Sumerian dynasty and discoveries point to a Let us edit for you at only $13.90/page to make it 100% original specialization in labor and craftsmanship. Golden daggers and other artifacts were found in tombs and in Kish, archeologists found the rst monumental building that was a palace, ORDER CREATIVE SAMPLE NOW rather than a temple. This signi es that the King was in power and not the high priests. The ‘King of Kish’ title was an important title and prestige went along with it but its importance was not merely super cial. Kish was situated in the north of the plains of southern Mesopotamia on a critical spot at the Euphrates River. A breakthrough of the river to the lowlands in the direction southwest would have meant that a whole system of irrigation channels would be without water supply. The control of the Euphrates in the neighborhood of Kish thus was of vital importance to the rulers in the south of Mesopotamia. The title `king of Kish’ could have indicated the ruler that exercised this control. The Indus Valley and Mesopotamian civilizations were similar in some aspects due to their state as river valley civilizations; they did di er in some essential ways. While these two civilizations have long since gone, they still in uence modern culture. The -minute hour, -second minute, and 360 degrees in a circle are results of Mesopotamia while the chariot peoples probably had their most lasting e ect in India, where they set many of the basic patterns of Indian life and belief, patterns that remain rm and powerful even to the present day. 6/19/2019 Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley Essay Example for Free - Sample 1511 words How to cite this page Choose cite format: APA MLA Harvard Chicago ASA IEEE AMA Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley. (2016, Jul 15). Retrieved from We will write a custom sample essay on HELP ME WITH WRITING 4/6 6/19/2019 Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley SEND ME THIS SAMPLE Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley Essay Example for Free - Sample 1511 words speci cally for you We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we ’ll assume you’re on board Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours 23:59:59 with our cookie policy for only $16.38 $13.90/page Enter Your E-mail ORDER NOW SEND How about make it original? Let us edit for you at only $13.90/page to make it 100% original © 2014 - 2019 StudyMoose.comORDER CREATIVE SAMPLE NOW FOLLOW US COMPANY About StudyMoose Contact Careers Help Center Donate a Paper PAYMENT LEGAL Terms & Conditions Privacy Policy Complaints [email protected] (415) 230-5300 THIS SERVICE WILL BE USEFUL FOR: HELP ME WITH WRITING 5/6 6/19/2019 Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley Essay Example for Free - Sample 1511 words SEND ME THIS SAMPLE We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we ’ll assume you’re on board Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours 23:59:59 with our cookie policy Enter Your E-mail SEND How about make it original? Let us edit for you at only $13.90/page to make it 100% original ORDER CREATIVE SAMPLE NOW HELP ME WITH WRITING 6/6 ...
View Full Document

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture