Chapter1notes - Chapter 1 Research in the Behavioral...

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Chapter 1 Research in the Behavioral Sciences
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Origins of Behavioral Research Early Predecessors to Behavioral Research Philosophy Religion Primitive Medicine Astrology & Numerology
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Transition From Superstition Scientific Psychology born during the last quarter of the 19 th century c/o early researchers (e.g., Wilhelm Wundt, William James, John Watson) Realization that questions about human behavior, thoughts, emotion could be addressed scientifically – just like the “hard sciences” (chemistry, physics, etc.)
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Goals of Behavioral Research Basic Research vs. Applied Research Regardless – three general goals of psychological research Describing Behavior Predicting Behavior Explaining Behavior
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Behavioral Science and Common Sense Often deals with topics familiar to most people Assumption that findings are mostly common sense Nevertheless, consensus of belief is not indicative of accuracy “Common sense” beliefs can often blind us to alternative and innovative ways of understanding phenomena that are more valid As a researcher, one must question everything
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The Value of Research to the Student 1. Understand relevant professional research 2. Knowledge of research creates more intelligent and effective research consumers 3. The development of critical thinking 4. Helps one to become an authority in a specific area
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Science is an approach to studying a topic – topics are not inherently “scientific” Three criteria for scientific investigation
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Chapter1notes - Chapter 1 Research in the Behavioral...

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