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exam_1_review_powerpoint - Exam 1 Review 1. Psychology is...

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Unformatted text preview: Exam 1 Review 1. Psychology is defined as: a) b) c) The study of people with mental and physical disorders The study of people and animals with disabilities The study of behavior and mental processes 2. After graduating with a bachelor's degree in psychology, the vast majority of people go into applied clinical psychological setting for their jobs. a) b) True False 3. What do Industrial/Organizational psychologists do? a) b) c) d) e) Screen individuals to see if they are suitable for the job they are interested in They work in a business organization or company setting Give surveys to assess job satisfaction Both A and B A, B, and C 4. Psychologists who have a Ph.D., and this is their only degree, are licensed to prescribe drugs to their patients in all 50 states a) b) True False 5. Which type of professional had to go to medical school as part of their training? a) b) c) d) e) Sociologists Clinical Psychologists (Ph.D.'s) Counseling Psychologists (Ph.D.'s) Psychiatrists Licensed Clinical Social Workers 6. If I am a psychologist who is very curious about the functioning of people's amygdalas in the dark, and I conduct this research to satisfy my curiosity, I am doing: Basic psychology Applied psychology Clinical psychology a) b) c) 7. Aristotle believed that we a) b) Are born with all of the knowledge we are going to have Are curious by nature, but need stimulation to gain knowledge For questions 811, choose the correct answer from the choices on the right (matching) 1. 2. 3. 4. 1st psychologist with 1st psych. Lab 1st African American published in APA journal Gestalt Psychology Emphasized functionalism a. William James b. Max Wertheimer c. Wilhelm Wundt d. J. Henry Alston 12. Which psychological perspective focuses solely on observable behaviors? a) b) c) d) Behaviorist Humanistic Psychoanalytic Evolutionary 13. Freud would have endorsed which psychological perspective? a) b) c) d) e) Sociocultural Positive psychology Cognitive Psychoanalytic Behaviorist For questions 1418, choose the correct answer from the choices on the right (matching) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Selfconcept and realizing our full potential What's happening in the mind Why a behavior occurs and its function General, focuses on the positive Uses MRI, PET, and EEG's a. Evolutionary b. Positive Psychology c. Cognitive d. Humanistic e. Neuroscience f. Sociocultural 19. Which of the following are true? a) b) c) d) Opposites attract, it's better to cram for tests, and it's better to be in a small group if a major problem occurs where help is required Opposites attract, it's to study in small increments for tests, and it's better to be in a small group if a major problem occurs where help is required Opposites attract, it's to study in small increments for tests, and it's better to be in a large group if a major problem occurs where help is required Similar people attract, it's to study in small increments for tests, and it's better to be in a small group if a major problem occurs where 20. What is the bystander effect? a) b) When people are less likely to help a victim if many other bystanders are present When people are more likely to help a victim if many other bystanders are present 21. This part of a neuron receives messages from other nearby neurons a) b) c) d) Cell body Dendrite Axon Myelin sheath 22. What part of a neuron is made up of fats and insulates the axon? a) b) c) d) Cell body Dendrite Axon Myelin sheath 23. An action potential is always the same strength a) b) True False 24. At rest, the charge inside of a neuron is a) b) Negatively charged with respect to the outside Positively charged with respect to the outside 25. Which neurotransmitter is involved in sleep regulation, appetite, anxiety, and depression? a) b) c) d) Dopamine Serotonin Acetylcholine Endorphins 26. Which neurotransmitter is thought to be involved with both schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease? a) b) c) d) Dopamine Serotonin Acetylcholine Endorphins 27. Increased heart rate, increased blood glucose, dilated pupils, and relaxation of the bladder, are functions of a) b) The Sympathetic Nervous System The Parasympathetic Nervous System 28. What are some of the functions of the medulla? a) b) c) It is important for arousal and simple reflexes It is the relay station It controls abstract thought 29. In the cerebral cortex, the temporal lobe is responsible for a) b) c) Touch and pressure Thoughts, plans, and language Hearing and language 30. The video on Rasmussen Syndrome demonstrated that a) b) c) Especially in young children, the brain is very plastic and can even handle something as severe as a hemispherectomy Sometimes brain disorders can alter people's personalities Many people who damage the part of the brain that is sensitive to smell cannot handle daily functions 31. In human's, about of cortical mass is Association area a) b) True False 32. Nature a) b) c) Cannot be separated from nurture when considering the development of an individual person Is always more important than nurture when considering and individual's development Is much less important in general than nurture 33. One flaw in studies done on alcoholism is a) b) c) That they only focus on nurture That the studies were done almost exclusively on males That some of the participants were not "true" alcoholics 34. The two types of depression are a) b) c) Clinical depression and Major depression Major depression and Dysthymic Disorder Dysthymic Disorder and Bipolar Disorder 35. The diathesisstress model states a) b) c) That both a predisposition and a precipitating event are needed for a disorder to develop That genetics, brain chemistry, and cognitions make some more vulnerable to depression than others That depression results mainly from genetic factors 36. The ventricles in people with schizophrenia are larger than they are in people who are unaffected by the disorder a) a) b) True False 37. What are some possible environmental contributions to schizophrenia? Pregnancy and birth complications a) b) c) d) e) Stress, especially during adolescence Alcoholism A and B A, B, and C 38. What did Jean Piaget believe about development? a) b) c) It is continuous and cannot be broken into stages It is discontinuous and occurs in distinct, predictable stages It happens at exactly the same rate in every individual, not matter what 39. If a young child sees a sheep and says "doggie," and then is corrected by his/her parents, this is an example of: a) b) Assimilation Accommodation 40. In this stage, children start to understand the concept of object permanence a) b) c) Sensorimotor Preoperational Concrete operational 41. In relation to Piaget's stages, the concept of conservation means a) b) That realization that our resources on Earth are limited, so we should conserve and recycle as much as possible Understanding that even if you change some properties of an object, other properties will stay the same (pouring water from a short container into a tall one) 42. How do Schaie's stages differ from Piaget's? They are more culturally sensitive Schaie developed a distinct stage for every year of life from birth to age 12 They do not have associated ages and not everyone will achieve all of them a. b. c. 43. Attachment is characterized by a) b) c) d) e) Wanting to be near the caregiver Experiencing "separation anxiety" Clinging to the caregiver when frightened A and B A, B, and C 44. What is Ainsworth's Strange Situation? a) b) The mother and toddler are in a playroom. The mother leaves for a brief period and then comes back, and researchers watch how the child reacts to the mother leaving and the reunion When a young infant was conditioned to become afraid of all white animals by experimenters 45. The majority of children have a) b) c) Secure attachment Insecure/avoidant attachment Disoriented/Disorganized attachment ...
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