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Exam_2_Review_Sheet_2007_____Hoffman

Exam_2_Review_Sheet_2007_____Hoffman - ♦ Psychotropic...

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PSYC 2004 Review Sheet for Hoffman’s Half of Exam 2 Key Terms/Concepts --- Consciousness Vision: role of the retina, plasticity of the visual cortex Definitions of consciousness, awareness, attention, and cocktail party phenomenon Consciousness from a Freudian perspective Id, ego, superego Unconscious, preconscious, conscious; the Iceberg Model; Freudian slips Sleep Why we sleep Circadian rhythms EEG activity; amplitude and frequency 5 stages of sleep --- what happens during each, when each occurs (the sleep cycle) Age changes and sleep Detrimental effects of sleep deprivation; effects of alcohol on sleep Dreaming --- psychodynamic (Freud, Jung), cognitive (day residue), and physiological perspectives Hypnosis 2 views on what it is Misconceptions about it Meditation What meditation is, what mindfulness is Possible therapeutic benefits
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Unformatted text preview: ♦ Psychotropic drugs 3 general effects Categories --- depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens The mesolimbic pathway Specific examples --- LSD, peyote, marijuana, and caffeine; what are the effects of each, and what neurotransmitter pathways does each affect Tolerance and withdrawal --- definitions, physiological mechanism involved, which of the drugs discussed are more/less likely to lead to tolerance, withdrawal, and addiction Key Terms/Concepts --- Memory ♦ Memory as an ability, and a storage system ♦ Memory theory Encoding, storage, and retrieval The Information Processing Model Levels of Processing approach ♦ Frailty, limitations of memory Decay, motivated forgetting, proactive and retroactive interference Inaccuracies in eyewitness testimony (work by Loftus, Kassin)...
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