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PSYCH 2004 Lecture 7 - I Development As Combin of...

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I. Development As Combin. of Predisposition and Environ. A. The Outdated Nature-Nurture Controversy B. Illustrations of Biological and Environmental Causes--- Clinical Disorders 1. Alcoholism 2. Depression 3. Schizophrenia II. Some General Issues Regarding Development III. Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development A. Thought Processes Involved B. The Stages C. Criticisms
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NATURE AND NURTURE FRANCIS GALTON (1800s) tended to look for the importance of one force over the other claimed that nature predominated over nurture in explaining differences in intellectual abilities beginning of nature-nurture debate
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Today, we always say development is a product of both . Further, in considering the development of an individual person, genetic and environmental contributions can’t be separated .
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If you discuss the development of some behavioral characteristic, you are always talking about multiple causal factors. For example, almost all psychological problems/disorders are caused by some combination of biological and environmental factors…
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Alcoholism -- Overuse and need for alcohol, also use in inappropriate contexts. -- Risk factors: peer group use, age, gender, education, beliefs regarding alcohol, family use, genetic predisposition genetic predisposition---an inherited tendency to be susceptible to some problem (an increased likelihood or vulnerability)
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