Jefferson era study guide.pdf - Eva Scarpulla APUSH 7u00b0...

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The Legal Environment of Business: Text and Cases
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 2
The Legal Environment of Business: Text and Cases
Cross/Miller
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Eva Scarpulla APUSH 7° 11/22/15 Unit 4 List: “Growing Pains” Jefferson, the Era of Good Feeling, Andrew Jackson, and Reform (1800-1848) Jefferson and Madison Administration Why was the Election of 1800 so important? How did political parties start to affect the country? What were the Midnight Appointments? I. Election of 1800/Revolution of 1800 A. 1st election in which power was peacefully transferred between the two political parties (Federalist to Democratic Republican) B. Thomas Jefferson won over John Adams and Aaron Burr C. Revolution of the Electoral system 1. Twelfth Amendment a) 1804 b) electors would cast separate votes for presidential and vice presidential nominees instead of one non distinguishing vote for two candidates c) Result of the issues with Aaron Burr (who they expected to be VP) and Jefferson tying in the electoral vote and the election had to go to the House of Reps. D. Marbury vs. Madison 1. Political parties starting to play an active role in politics, and the Federalists lost all heir power when Jefferson won. a) Only had power left in the Judiciary branch 2. The issue a) John Adams tried to pass “midnight appointments” which means he tried to make several judicial appointments late not he last night of his Presidency, and they were all signed and sealed, but not all were sent out in time b) Jefferson refused to let these go through because the commissions were not given to the appointees prior to Adams leaving office, so his signature was no longer that of the President 3. One of the appointed judges who was denied his position brought the case to supreme court demanding a writ of Mandamus to force Secretary of state Madison to deliver the commissions
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The Legal Environment of Business: Text and Cases
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 2
The Legal Environment of Business: Text and Cases
Cross/Miller
Expert Verified
Who was Thomas Jefferson? What was the biggest result of the Jefferson Administration? Summary 1. Supreme court declared that they didn't have jurisdiction of this matter so couldn’t issue the writ; however, they agreed Marbury was entitled to the commission and congress had acted unconstitutionally a) First time the court had declared congress unconstitutional b) created the power of Judicial review II. Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809) A. Strong Democratic Republican B. Believed in upholding the constitution and the Yeoman or Gentleman farmer ideal 1. Spread agrarian lifestyle 2. power concentrated in state governments 3. However during his presidency he betrayed many of his ideals and did several things that were against his democratic-republican beliefs a) Example: Louisiana Purchase 4. Major events during his presidency a) Louisiana Purchase (1803)-doubled America’s land size, Lewis and Clark Expedition b) Embargo Act (1807)-prohibited American ships from trading in all other foreign ports (crushed economy) 5. Louisiana Purchase a) United States purchased the Louisiana territory from France (1) During the Jefferson administration (2) wanted to expand westward and promote agrarian lifestyle b) Paid $15 million for the 828,000 square mile territory c) Increased westward expansion, doubled the US territory This period was a significant transition period because it

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