solsysadmin.pdf - Solaris\u2122 OS Guide for New System Administrators Rolf Kersten Revised Copyright 2004 Sun Microsystems Inc All Rights Reserved Sun Sun

solsysadmin.pdf - Solarisu2122 OS Guide for New System...

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Solaris™OS Guide for New System Administrators Rolf Kersten Revised June 25, 2004
Copyright 2004 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Sun, Sun Microsystems, the Sun logo, Solaris, Solaris JumpStart, Solaris Volume Manager, Solstice DiskSuite, StarOffice, Sun Blade, Sun BluePrints, Sun Enterprise, Sun Fire, Sun OpenGL for Solaris, SunSolve, OpenWindows, PGX32, XIL, XGL, and Ultra are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States and other countries. All SPARC trademarks are used under license and are trademarks or registered trademarks of SPARC International, Inc. in the United States and other countries. Products bearing SPARC trademarks are based upon an architecture developed by Sun Microsystems, Inc. OpenGL is a registered trademark of Silicon Graphics, Inc. Netscape Navigator is a trademark or registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation in the United States and other countries. UNIX is a registered trademark in the U.S. and other countries, exclusively licensed through X/Open Company, Ltd. Solaris OS Guide for New System Administrators II Version 1.20e, June 2004
Change History Date Version Comment 25.05.2002 V 1.8e First English release 12.06.2002 V 1.9e First feedback (thanks to Daniel Schmidberger!) 19.07.2002 V 1.10e Added iostat chapter 04.09.2002 V 1.11e Edits from Matt Ruetz 05.12.2002 V 1.12e Miscellaneous corrections and additions 17.01.2003 V 1.13e Additions and corrections from Halvard Halvorsen () and Sven Fink 11.04.2003 V 1.14e Shells and Environment Variables chapter, more from Sven and Andreas Fatum 16.04.2003 V 1.15e xcpustate, OGL&DGA 27.05.2003 V 1.16e Handling CD-Rs written on other platforms 02.07.2003 V 1.17e Mounting USB Memory Sticks 30.10.2003 V 1.18e Lots of editorial changes, /var/sadm/install/contents file, cloning systems with FC-AL boot disks 30.03.2004 V 1.19e Download link for xcpustate changed, pkgchk 25.06.2004 V 1.20e New chapter on Flash Installation, miscellaneous changes and additions Solaris OS Guide for New System Administrators III Version 1.20e, June 2004
Table of Contents 1 System Booting and Testing ................................................................................................................................... 2 1.1 The OK-Prompt .............................................................................................................................................. 2 1.2 Testing at a Console ....................................................................................................................................... 2 1.3 Rebooting a Sun Workstation ......................................................................................................................... 2 1.4 Testing the System ......................................................................................................................................... 3 1.4.1 Banner ................................................................................................................................................... 3 1.4.2 probe ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 1.4.3 test all .................................................................................................................................................... 3 1.4.4 printenv and devalias ............................................................................................................................. 4 1.4.5 Disabling the Network-Interface Error Message .................................................................................... 4 2 Administering Disks ............................................................................................................................................... 5 2.1 Logical Device Names .................................................................................................................................... 5 2.2 Partitions ........................................................................................................................................................ 5 2.3 Crash Dumps .................................................................................................................................................. 6 2.4 Example ......................................................................................................................................................... 7 2.5 Removable Devices ........................................................................................................................................ 8 2.5.1 Volume Management ............................................................................................................................ 8 2.5.2 Floppy .................................................................................................................................................... 8 2.5.3 CD-ROM ............................................................................................................................................... 8 2.5.4 CD-R and CD-RW ................................................................................................................................ 9 2.5.5 USB Memory Sticks .............................................................................................................................. 9 2.5.6 Tapes ..................................................................................................................................................... 9 2.6 Cloning a Disk .............................................................................................................................................. 10 2.6.1 Cloning Using Internal Disks ............................................................................................................... 10 2.6.2 Cloning Using a Crossover Cable ......................................................................................................... 11 2.7 Mirroring the Boot Disk with SDS ............................................................................................................... 11 3 Swap Space ........................................................................................................................................................... 14 3.1 Persistent Configuration in /etc/vfstab .......................................................................................................... 14 3.2 "Raw Partition" Versus Plain File ............................................................................................................... 14 3.3 Temporary Configuration ............................................................................................................................. 14 4 Installation and Maintenance ................................................................................................................................ 15 4.1 Installation From CD .................................................................................................................................... 15 4.2 Network Installation With Webstart Flash ................................................................................................... 16 4.2.1 Step 1: Setting Up the Boot Server ...................................................................................................... 16 4.2.2 Step 2: Definition of Client Profiles .................................................................................................... 16 4.2.3 Step 3: Modify Hosts, Ethers and Netmasks ........................................................................................ 17 4.2.4 Step 4: Share /export/install ................................................................................................................. 17 4.2.5 Step 5: Add Clients .............................................................................................................................. 17 4.2.6 Step 6: Installation of the Master Host ................................................................................................ 17 4.2.7 Step 7: Installation of the Other Hosts ................................................................................................. 17 4.3 Packages

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