PSC 100 - PSC 100 Module 1 Systems of Government I.Systems...

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PSC 100Module 1Systems of GovernmentI.Systems:Federalism“The mode of political organization that unites separate policies within an overarching political system by distributing power among general and constituentgovernments in a manner designed to protect the existence and authority of both”Daniel J. Elazar, American Federalism: A View from the States(3rd edition NY Harper & Row, 1984)Division between national and state govOver 130 countries are democraciesAbout a dozen use federalismUS under the constitutionSovereignty divided between a national and regional (state) govSovereignty(Ultimate governing authority of a particular geographic area) retained by both Creates a deal of conflict because which level has authority?Ex. weed legalizationnational= medical weed is illegalstate= legal Gonzales v. Wright supreme court caseNational -----> citizens ←---- state ConfederationUS under the Articles of ConfederationRegional Governments retain considerable autonomyCentral Government is a creature of statesNational Government ←----> States ←---> citizensPower stems from the statesUnitaryMost commonEx. France, Brittan, most EuropeanPower Centralized in a national governmentNational maintains all authoritiesRegional gov. Derives authority from the central government Central can redefine the authority at willNational ----> Regional --------> Citizens National gov is supreme US prior to federalism, was a Unitarianism
II. Federalism OriginsFounders established federal system, as a practical response to early problems of forming govPolitical compromise of practical necessity US was faltering under the Articles of Confederations and there needed tobe a changeCompromise between the states and the national govFirst Government Articles of ConfederationFailed due to number of weaknessesTaxationNational gov could request that taxes be paid, but states could refuseNational governments controls armies and w/o taxes we couldn’t support a militaryCommerceStates retained authority over commerceCreate their own treaties with foreign nationsNational economy was lacking because there was more trade between states and other countriesCurrency States created their own moneyValue of money differed from nation to nation (state to state)Some states would create more money if they ran out Other states did not want to accept currency All of these issues creates Shay’s Rebellion Shay’s RebellionHighlights weakness of 1786 in W MassachusettsLead by Daniel ShaysCaptain in armyFarmerFarmers were upset because failure of paying taxes lead to closing of their farmsGov promised them that if they went to the Revolutionary War, their farms would be safe, but they weren’t“March on the County Court Houses”

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