Study Guide for Test #2

Study Guide for Test #2 - Study Guide for Test #2...

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Study Guide for Test #2 22/02/2007 17:00:00 Development (Modules 7-10): What are teratogens? o Harmful agents such as particular viruses and drugs that can reach the  embryo and cause harm to the new born baby. What characterizes fetal alcohol syndrome? o 1 in 750 infants suffer from F.A.S.  Characteristics include a small, mis- proportioned head and lifelong brain abnormalities.  It is the leading  cause of mental retardation. What is the rooting reflex? o A babies tendency to open their mouth, when they are touched on the  cheek, and “root” (look) for a nipple.  Upon finding one, they  automatically close their mouth, and begin sucking. o Children take almost twice as long examining images that resemble  faces, rather then other images with the same elements in them What is maturation?  How does it impact infant/early childhood  memory? o Maturation is the biological growth processes that enable orderly  changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience.   How it  impacts childhood memory-????? What are schemas, as defined by Piaget? o Mental molds into which we pour our experience. What is assimilation? Accommodation? o Assimilation: Interpreting one’s new experience in terms of one’s  existing schemas; Accommodation: adapting ones current  understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information
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What are Piaget’s stages of cognitive development?  When does each  stage start and end, and how did Piaget describe each stage?
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Ty pic al  Ag Ra ng e Desc riptio n of  Stag e Devel opme ntal  Pheno mena Birt to  ne arl y 2  ye ars Sens orim otor Expe rienc es  the  world  throu gh  sens es  and  actio ns  (looki ng,  touch ing,  mout hing,  and  grasp ing) Object permanence Stranger Anxiety
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Ab out  to  ye ars Preo perat ional Repr esent ing  thing s with  word s and  imag es  but  lackin logic al  reaso ning Pretend Play Egocentrism Language  development
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Ab out  to  11  ye ars Conc rete  Oper ation al Think ing  logic ally  about  concr ete  event s;  grasp ing  concr ete  analo gies  and  perfo rming  arith metic al  opera tions Conservation Mathematical  transformations
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Ab out  12  thr ad ult ho od Form al  oper ation al Abstr act  Reas oning Abstract logic Potential for mature  moral reasoning
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What is object permanence? o
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This test prep was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PSCY 001 taught by Professor Hall during the Spring '07 term at Drake University .

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Study Guide for Test #2 - Study Guide for Test #2...

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