Study Guide for Exam #4

Study Guide for Exam #4 - PSY 001 - Exam 4 Study Guide...

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PSY 001 - Exam 4 Study Guide 04/05/2007 14:45:00 Personality (Modules 41-43) Definition of personality: An individuals characteristic pattern of thinking feeling, and acting o Historical perspectives: Psychoanalytic (unconscious behaviors) such as thoughts and  feelings Current Perspective:  Trait Theories What is free association?  How does it relate to personality theory? Sigmund Freud’s method used in psychoanalysis, where he told patients to  relax and say whatever came to mind, no matter how embarrassing or trivial. o He believed it allowed him to trace that line back, producing a chain of  thought leading into the patient’s unconscious, and therefore retrieving  and releasing painful unconscious memories, often from childhood. It relateds to the personality theory, because it was the first comprehensive  theory of personality How did Freud define the unconscious? A reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. o Some of these thoughts are storred in a  preconscious  area, from which  we can retrieve them into conscious awarness Contemporary viewpoint: information processing of which we are unaware o I.E. your feet… you may be unconscious about them until someone  mentions your feet!
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What is the ID/Ego/Superego?  Which of the three did Freud say is  “submerged” completely in the unconscious? The Id, which is completely submerged (the bottom of a iceberg) contains a  reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives by  sexual and aggressive drives.  The id operates on the pleasure principle,  demanding immediate gratification. The Superego is partially submerged.  It is the voice of conscience that forces  the ego to consider not only the real but the ideal, and that focuses solely on  how one ought to behave.  The superego strives for perfection, judging  actions, and producing positive feelings of pride or negative feelings of guilt. The ego is largely conscious, “executive” part of personality, that according to  freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality.  The  ego operates on the  reality principle  satisfying the id’s desires in ways that will  realistically bring pleasure rather then pain. What characterizes each of the five Freudian psychosexual stages?  What  did Freud say would likely occur if any psychosexual state was not completely  successfully resolved?
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This test prep was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course PSCY 001 taught by Professor Hall during the Spring '07 term at Drake University .

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Study Guide for Exam #4 - PSY 001 - Exam 4 Study Guide...

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