We the People Summer Work 2018 - Nichole Johnson Summer...

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Nichole Johnson Summer 2018 We the People Summer Work UNIT 1 Lesson 1.1 1. Colonial America was a “society of traditions” where people practiced their customs in uniform communities. Some influential families settled in the new land continued to imitate European social culture, while others developed new social and political structures to fit their new purposes. Some came to settle the colonies for religious reasons. Though, all of colonial America lived in worked in rural communities (some of which instituted slave systems, others indentured servitude). Those with more ambition and who weren’t tied down to religious or agricultural purposes took part in the “favorite American pastime” of encroachment and land speculation. 2. The founding nations learned, based on political theory and history, that government should be the servant, not the master, of the people and that a fundamental higher law (constitution) should limit government. 3. Limited (constitutional) government is a government with restricted powers. An unlimited government is one where power is exercised freely, by any means. The difference is important, because it determines the extent of which the majority’s rights are protected. 4. A constitution is a plan, written or unwritten, that sets forth the structure and powers of government. 5. A mixed constitution incorporates elements of democracy and oligarchy. With power distributed to both the wealthy and the poor, this form of government can achieve societal and political stability. However, different interpretations about the extent of power may provoke conflict between the differing classes. 6. The constitution is considered a higher law, because it is to be held true over all, even those with power. The major characteristics of a higher law set forth the basic rights of citizens and establishes the government's responsibility to protect those rights. 7. According to Aristotle, a “right form” of government is governed for the common good, while a “corrupt form” of government is governed for the private interest of the ruler. Lesson 1.2 1. While classical republicanism and natural rights philosophy both sought to maintain the common good, they differed in their opinions on how much individual right was
Johnson necessary. Classical republicanism emphasized the reputation of the republic as a whole, therefore ensuing the citizens responsibility to maintaining civic virtue and moral education over personal interests.. Natural rights philosophy focuses more on the benefits of the individual person as it institutes individual inalienable rights of the people to “life, liberty, and property,” and a limited government that was created for and derived from the the people's interests - because sovereignty was in the people they have the right to depose a government in favor of one that met their expectations.

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