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Unformatted text preview: . David Irving Goebbels. Mastermind of the Third Reich “David Irving is in the first rank of Britain’s historical chroniclers”—THE TIMES © Parforce Ltd, London, A Note on the Internet Edition.␣ ␣ This biography went through half a dozen drafts between the handwritten original and the printed book. The final typescript was completed on September 7, 1994, and submitted to St Martins Press (SMP) that winter. That is the full-length text reproduced here. After the contract was signed, the biography went through the normal editing processes, being appraised, according to SMP’s editor John Douglas, by seven different editors. At SMP’s suggestion the earlier chapters were substantially cut back in editing. In February 1996 the “Anti-Defamation League of the B’nai Brith,” a New York based Jewish body, began agitating against SMP and Doubleday Inc., who had announced this work as their History Book Club selection for May 1996.The publishers initially announced that they would not surrender to the ADL intimidation, but on April 6, 1996 they did just that.The book never appeared in the United States. [For more detail: ]. This Internet edition is the gift of the author and his publishing imprint Focal Point to the academic and student world. We ask only that the intellectual and copyrights be respected. . IN MEMORY OF MICHAEL SHEPPARD WHO CLIMBED TOO FAR Copyright © , Parforce (UK) Ltd. Copyright Website edition © Focal Point Publications All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. Copies may be downloaded from our website for research purposes only. No part of this publication may be commercially reproduced, copied, or transmitted save with written permission in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright Act (as amended). Any person who does any unauthorised act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages. This edition first published by FOCAL POINT PUBLICATIONS, Duke Street, London WM DJ British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN Paper edition printed and bound in Great Britain by Butler & Tanner Ltd, Frome and London; and by Biddles Ltd, Guildford, Surrey . Contents Acknowledgements ......................................................................................... 5 Prologue: The Mark of Cain ................................................................. 14 I: The Hater of Mankind 1: Eros Awakes ............................................................................... 23 2: Prodigal Son .............................................................................. 41 3: ‘A Wandering Scholar, I’ ................................................................ 48 4: The Little Agitator ....................................................................... 64 5: God Disposes Otherwise ............................................................... 76 II: The Gauleiter of Berlin 6: The Opium Den .......................................................................... 90 7: Fighting the Ugly Dragon ............................................................. 113 8: Anka is to Blame........................................................................ 129 9: Conjuring up Spirits ................................................................... 139 10: A Rather Obstinate Gentleman .................................................... 154 11: The Nightmare ........................................................................ 165 12: Hold the Flag High ................................................................... 175 13: His Week in Court ................................................................... 192 14: A Blonde in the Archives ............................................................ 206 15: Maria Magdalena Quandt ........................................................... 216 16: The Stranger and the Shadow ....................................................... 235 17: The Man of Tomorrow ............................................................... 253 18: Follow that Man ...................................................................... 268 19: ‘It’s all Fixed!’ ......................................................................... 284 III: The Reich Minister 20: The Big Lie ............................................................................. 21: Bonfire of the Books ................................................................. 22: Twilight of the Gods and Tally-ho .................................................. 23: Inkpot Hero ........................................................................... 24: While Crowds Exult below.......................................................... 25: A Man of Property ................................................................... 26: Femme Fatale ......................................................................... 290 304 322 343 361 385 394 . 27: The Round Table ...................................................................... 28: Something about March ............................................................. 29: The Gambler .......................................................................... 30: Duty put on Hold .................................................................... 31: The Real Chum ....................................................................... 32: Broken Glass .......................................................................... 33: On the Verge .......................................................................... 34: Put Poland on Page Two ............................................................. 408 427 447 465 477 488 509 527 IV: The Propaganda Warrior 35: Pact with the Devil ................................................................... 36: War ...................................................................................... 37: Propaganda Means Repetition...................................................... 38: Knocking out Front Teeth ........................................................... 39: Breaking Even ......................................................................... 40: A Few Choice Drops of Poison ..................................................... 41: The Malodorous Thing ............................................................... 42: No Room for Two of Us ............................................................. 43: Exodus ................................................................................. 44: A Fate which Beggars all Description ............................................. 45: At any Price ........................................................................... 46: The Road to Stalingrad .............................................................. 47: Things have not Panned out ......................................................... 48: Sin Will Pluck on Sin ................................................................. 49: The Katyn Massacre .................................................................. 50: The First Battle of Berlin ............................................................ 51: The White Suit Bespattered ........................................................ 52: When the Going gets Tough ......................................................... 53: The Long-Awaited Day .............................................................. 54: Valkyrie ................................................................................. 55: Total War ............................................................................... 545 561 581 590 606 622 640 651 671 688 705 717 733 750 766 780 794 808 825 839 853 V: The Loyal Henchman 56: The Spectre of the Hangman........................................................ 57: Kill off the Prisoners ................................................................. 58: Death of Another Empress .......................................................... 59: The Man of the Century ............................................................. 869 883 896 905 Epilogue: ‘Ever at your Side’ ............................................................. 927 . Acknowledgements WRITING THIS BIOGRAPHY, I have lived in the evil shadow of Dr Joseph Goebbels for over six years. Four years into the ordeal, I had the immense good fortune to become the first— and so far only—person to open the complete microfiche record, made by the Nazis in /, of Goebbels’ entire private diaries and papers from to ; the Red Army had placed these in the secret Soviet state archives in Moscow. There they languished until the ninety or so original Agfa boxes containing the , glass plates, on which Goebbels had had the diaries filmed for safety, were discovered by the Goebbels Diaries expert Dr Elke Fröhlich in March . (On behalf of all historians of the period I place on record here our gratitude for the work she has done on the diaries.) I was able to use them myself in June and July of the same year, probably the first person to have untied the string on those boxes since . With the support of Dr V␣ P Tarasov, chief of the Russian federation’s archives, and Dr V N Bondarev, chief of the former Soviet secret state archives, I was able to retrieve or copy some five hundred pages of the most important missing passages of the diary, including Goebbels’ first diary, begun in , the Reichstag fire, the Röhm Putsch, the Kristallnacht, the months before the outbreak of war in and many other historically significant episodes. The conditions in these archives in Moscow’s Viborg street were, it must be said, challenging: Soviet archives were designed for keeping things secret, and the very notion of a public research room was alien to them.This one had no microfilm or microfiche reader. After struggling to read the , fragile glass microfiches (some , pages) with a thumbnail-sized x magnifier on my first visit, I was able, through the generosity of the London Sunday Times, to donate a sophisticated film and fiche reader to the Russians on my second; the bulky machine arrived back in London, without explanation, one day after I did in July . . What followed was a less enlightened episode. I provided extracts from these diaries to Times Newspapers Ltd in Britain. The Sunday Times published them along with Der Spiegel in Germany and other major newspapers around the world. I also donated complete sets to the German federal archives in Koblenz and to the archives of Goebbels’ native city Mönchengladbach. Nevertheless, while the international press celebrated the retrieval of the long-lost diaries many rival historians registered something approaching a cry of pain. Their injured professional amour propre proved infectious. While spending half a million pounds promoting its serialization of the diaries’ scoop, the Sunday Times mentioned the name of the person who acquired them in the smallest type-size known to man; Der Spiegel printed the series for five weeks without mentioning him at all. A Berlin university historian, whose team has been labouring for years on the other volumes of the diaries, reported at length on the ‘new find’ to a symposium in the United States, again without reference to either Dr Fröhlich, the discoverer—to whom all real credit is due—or to myself.* The directors of Piper Verlag, Munich, who a few weeks later published an abridged popular edition of the other Goebbels Diaries,† deplored in a German television news bulletin that ‘Mr Irving of all people’ should have exclusively obtained these sensational missing diaries—and failed to mention either then or in their publication that without reward he had at the last minute made one hundred pages available with which they had filled aching gaps in their publication. Even more lamentable have been the actions of the German government’s federal archives, the Bundesarchiv, to whom I also donated many Goebbels documents including a set of all the diaries I retrieved in Moscow. On the instructions of the * Dr Jürgen Michael Schulz, of the Berlin Free University,‘Zur Edition der Goebbels Tagebücher,’ a paper presented to the German Studies Association conference, . See its Newsletter, vol.xvii, No., winter , ff. † Dr Ralf Georg Reuth (ed.), Joseph Goebbels Tagebücher, five vols. (Munich, Zürich, ). . minister of the interior, on July , the archives banished me forever from their halls, without notice, two hours before the conclusion of my seven years of research on this subject. They had earlier provided a hundred photos at my expense—but on the minister’s instructions they now also refused to supply caption information for them.When I requested the Transit-Film Corporation, who inherited the copyrights of Third Reich film productions, to provide still photographs of the leading actors and actresses who play a part in the Goebbels story, the firm cautiously inquired of Professor Friedrich Kahlenberg, head of the Bundesarchiv, whether ‘special considerations’ might apply against helping me! (A copy of their letter fortuitously came into my hands, but not the pictures I had requested.) The background can only be surmised. Professor Kahlenberg had hurried to Moscow in July —too late to prevent the Russians from granting me access to the coveted microfiches of the Goebbels diaries. (There was no reason why the Russians should have denied me access: Several of my books, including those on Arctic naval operations and on Nazi nuclear research, have been published by Soviet printing houses.) The Bundesarchiv has justified its banishment, which is without parallel in any other archives, on the grounds that my research might harm the interests of the Federal Republic of Germany. The ban has prevented me from verifying my colleagues’ questionable transcriptions of certain key words in the handwritten diaries. I had a list of twenty such words which I wished to double-check against the original negatives; pleading superior orders, the Bundesarchiv’s deputy director, Dr Siegfried Büttner, refused to allow even this brief concluding labour. As one consequence, evidently unforeseen by the German government, the Bundesarchiv has had to return to England its ‘Irving Collection,’ half a ton of records which I had deposited in its vaults for researchers over the last thirty years. These include originals of Adolf Eichmann’s papers, copies of two missing years of Heinrich Himmler’s diary, the diaries of Erwin Rommel, Alfred Jodl, Wilhelm Canaris, Walther Hewel, and a host of other papers not available elsewhere. I HASTEN to add that with this one exception every international archive has accorded . to me the kindness and unrestricted access to which I have become accustomed in thirty years of historical research. I would particularly mention the efforts of Dr David G Marwell, director of the American-controlled Berlin Document Center (BDC), in supplying to me , pages of biographical documents relating to Goebbels’ staff. However these now, like the collections formerly archived in Moscow and in the DDR, also come under the arbitrary ægis of the Bundesarchiv. Marwell’s predecessor, the late Richard Bauer, provided me with the BDC’s file on Goebbels (my film DI–).* In the German socialist party’s Friedrich Ebert Stiftung in Bonn, deputy archivist Dr Ulrich Cartarius generously granted to me privileged access to the original handwritten diary of Viktor Lutze, chief of staff of the S.A. (–), on which he was currently working. Karl Höffkes of Essen kindly let me use the Julius Streicher diary and papers in his private archives. The Yivo Institute for Jewish Research in New York also allowed me to exploit their fine Record Group , which houses a magnificent collection of original files of propaganda ministry documents, including Goebbels’ own bound volumes of press clippings. I must also mention my Italian publishers, Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, and their senior editor Dr Andrea Cane, who made available to me for transcription Goebbels’ entire handwritten diary—it was a two-year task, but without that ‘head start’ in reading Goebbels’ formidable script I should have been unable to make the sense of the Moscow cache that I did. This is also the proper place to thank my friend and rival Dr Ralf Georg Reuth, author of an earlier Goebbels biography, for unselfishly transferring to me a copy of Horst Wessel’s diary and substantial parts of the Goebbels diary, to which I added from Moscow and other sources. The attitude of the other German official archives was very different from that of the Bundesarchiv in Koblenz. Dr Hölder, president of the German federal statistics * A listing of the author’s relevant microfilmed records is on pp. n of this work. Most can be ordered from Microform Academic Publishers Ltd., Main Street, East Ardsley, Wakefield, West Yorkshire WF AT, England (tel. + ; fax ). . agency (Statistisches Bundesamt) in Wiesbaden, provided essential data on Jewish population movements with reference to Berlin. Two staff members (Lamers and Kunert) of the Mönchengladbach archives provided several of the early school photos and snapshots of girlfriends reproduced in this work.André Mieles of the Deutsches Institut für Filmkunde (German Institute of Cinematography) provided many of the original movie stills and other fine photographs of filmstars. I owe thanks to Tadeusz Duda and the Jagiellonski Library of University of Kraków, Poland, for the photographs reproduced from Horst Wessel’s diary in their custody. Dr Werner Johe of the Forschungsstelle für die Geschichte des Nationalsozialismus (Research Office for the History of National Socialism) in Hamburg volunteered data from the diary of Gauleiter Albert Krebs. Karl Heinz Roth of the Hamburg Stiftung für Sozialgeschichte des . Jahrhunderts (Foundation for the Social History of the Twentieth Century) assisted me in dating certain episodes in . The state archives of Lower Saxony (Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv) in Wolfenbüttel let me read Leopold Gutterer’s papers and I am glad to have been able to interview Dr Gutterer, now over ninety, on several occasions for this book. I was fortunate to obtain access to the papers of Eugen Hadamowsky as well as those of Joseph and Magda Goebbels and of the propaganda ministry itself at the Zentrales Staatsarchiv in Potsdam while it was still in the communist zone of Germany; most of the files—e.g., vol., Goebbels’ letters to his colleagues at the Front—had remained untouched since last being used by Dr Helmut Heiber in . In those last dramatic days before November , archivist Dr Kessler gave me unlimited access despite cramped circumstances; those files too have now passed under the less liberal control of the Bundesarchiv. Although any biographer of Goebbels owes a debt to Dr Helmut Heiber, who first trod the paths to the papers in Potsdam, he will forgive me for not using his otherwise excellent published volumes of Goebbels’ speeches; often important phrases— faithfully reported by local British and other diplomats in the audiences—were omitted from the published texts on which Heiber relies; these diplomatic records, as well as other important documents, I have extracted from the holdings of the Public Record Office in London, capably helped by Susanna Scott-Gall as a research assist- . ant. Shortly before its completion Manfred Müller, an expert of the early years of the Goebbels family, generously commented on my manuscript and let me read his own biography of Hans Goebbels, the brother of the Reichminister. The Institut für Zeitgeschichte (IfZ) in Munich gave me the run of its library and archives and made available to me its files of press clippings on Nazi personalities. But here too a possessiveness, an unseemly territorialism came into play as the IfZ contrived to protect its virtual monopoly in unpublished fragment...
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