Psyc Notes for 5-1-07

Psyc Notes for 5-1-07 - Psychology Notes for Modules 50-52...

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Psychology Notes for 5-1-07 01/05/2007 15:35:00 Modules 50-52 Psychotherapy “A confiding interaction (sometimes emotionally charged) between a trained  therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties” The History of Treatment What to do with severely disturbed? Middle ages to 17 th  century o madness = demonic possession o treatment: DEATH! (Torture, hanging, burning, sent to sea) 18 th  Century o mentally disordered people = degenerates o kept apart from society Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) o Reform in Paris mental hospital o Thought doctors should actually work with them instead of leaving  them to die or keeping them out of society o Some patients got better enough to leave the hospital when doctors  worked with them Dorothea Dix (1802-1887) o Reform of U.S. System o Moral-treatment movement
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o kindly care o Led to large, state-supported public institutes o Get them involved in activities Deinstitutionalization (mid-1950’s) o Get people out of institutions and then back into the community o due in part to the effectiveness of antipsychotic medications o Early 60’s: establishment of community mental health centers o Rapid decline in the state and county mental hospital population in the  late 1950’s, due to medications Rosenhan (1973): “On being sane in insance places” o Sane people got into mental hospitals as patients o Found very low interaction with staff Patients were almost being ignored aside from receving  medications o Dehumanizing nature of interactions Workers made it evident that they were the ones with power Normal behaviors interpreted pathologically o Once they got in after acting fake, they began acting normally, they  had problems getting out still! Recipients of Treatment Most people who meet criteria for DSM diagnoses do not seek treatment o Women seek more treatment then men o College educated seek more treatment then high school education
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o Whites see more treatment more then nonwhites o Higher income seek more treatment then lower income (because they  can afford it!) Evaluating Psychotherapies Where do people turn for help? o
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Psyc Notes for 5-1-07 - Psychology Notes for Modules 50-52...

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