Sniffy the Rat & Sir Lancelot Paragraphs

Sniffy the Rat & Sir Lancelot Paragraphs - more likely...

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Jason Sigal 3/5/07 PSYC Lab – M 5:00-6:50 pm 1. In training Sniffy the rat to push the bar in his cage, reinforcement was used. Firstly, whenever the bar was pressed, the rat received food. Eventually, he learned that every time he pushed the bar, he would get food. This resulted in him learning to continuously push the bar, eat the food, and then push the bar again for even more food. In order for him to be conditioned by the food to push the bar however, it was first necessary to shape him to eventually get the food himself. First, he would get food whenever walking on the side of the cage that the bar was actually on. Then, he only got food when he put his front paws up on the cage wall. Finally, he figured out to get the food, he had to push the lever. The experiment with Sniffy relates to Law of Effect. This law explains why when a subject, particularly in animals, does something that have a satisfying result, they are
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Unformatted text preview: more likely to repeat whatever it was, do receive the “reward” again. At the same time, if the result is something discomforting, they are much less likely to redo whatever it was. 2. Sir Lancelot, the Drake Duck was taught to read using reinforcement and color recognition. Firstly, a colored card would be presented to him, and he would only receive recognition when he did what the word on the card said to do. Over time, this was repeated with the same words, but less color on the card. Eventually, the experimenters showed the duck the card with no color on it, and reinforced him when he did the action correctly! This teaching process was very similar to that used in training Sniffy to push the bar. He was taught to do the appropriate action through shaping. When he did it right, he was rewarded with food. This process is classified as operant conditioning. If he performed wrong, he wouldn’t get food....
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