chapter 2.docx - Fazio 1 Zoe Fazio Mrs Hayek AP US History...

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Fazio 1 Zoe Fazio Mrs. Hayek AP US History 1/ Period 3 September 6, 2017 United States History, Preparing for the AP Exam: 1 Chapter 2: The Thirteen Colonies and the British Empire (1607- 1754) Pages 23-38 Early English Settlements Colonies received authority through charter (written grant) Corporate colonies ( Jamestown ), joint-stock companies Royal colonies ( Virginia after 1624 ) direct control of King Proprietary ( Maryland, Pennsylvania ) individuals appointed by King representative government, accustomed to holding elections (taxes, etc.) England’s population rapidly increasing, economy depressed poor farmers increased, opportunities in America Jamestown First permanent colony in America, 1607 , chartered by King James I Early Problems suffered from their own mistakes Located along James River, fatal outbreaks ( dysentery, malaria) , some men refused to hunt and farm ( gold-seekers ), conflicts with indians = starvation, forceful leadership ( Captain John Smith ) John Rolfe & Pocahontas = colony developed ( tobacco, profitable crop ) Transition to a Royal Colony Virginia colony on verge of collapsing by 1624 (6,000 people started there, 2,000 left), King James I fed up, revoked charter, took direct control-> Now known as Virginia, first royal colony Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay Religious motivation ( not wealth ), two english colonies, settled by protestants Dissented from Church of England after broke away from (roman catholic church), influenced by John Calvin , doctrine of predestination Dissenters seen as threat to King James I’s authority, arrested & jailed The Plymouth Colony Radical dissents of Church of England -> Separatists Wanted a separate church, left England for Holland, aka Pilgrims Economic hardship, cultural differences w/ dutch -> led them to America ( 1620 ) Landed on Massachusetts coast, established a new colony Plymouth ( Virginia Company of London )
Fazio 2 Early Hardships Help from natives, many died after winter, first Thanksgiving 1621 Leaders -> Captain Miles Standish, Governor William Bradford Massachusetts Bay Colony These dissenters believed the church needed to be reformed ( not changed ) Puritans Persecuted by Charles I -> 1625 , small group gained a charter-> 1629 1630 , John Winthrop , and other puritans founded Boston Gained more settlers ( 1630s ) -> Great Migration Early Political Institutions Representative Assembly in Virginia (encouraged in Jamestown) Guaranteed colonists same rights as in England (representation in lawmaking) 1619 , House of Burgess organized (first representative assembly in America) Representative Government in New England 1620 , Mayflower, document signed Said they would make decisions by majority, known as the Mayflower Compact , first form of self-government, written constitution In Massachusetts Bay Colony freemen ( male members of the Puritan Church) participate in elections Limits to Colonial Democracy Most colonists exclude Females & landless-> few rights, slaves & servants-> no rights

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