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Fazio 1Zoe FazioMrs. HayekAP US History 1/ Period 3September 6, 2017United States History, Preparing for the AP Exam: 1Chapter 2: The Thirteen Colonies and the British Empire(1607- 1754)Pages 23-38Early English Settlements➔Colonies received authority through charter(written grant)◆Corporate colonies (Jamestown), joint-stock companies◆Royal colonies (Virginia after 1624) direct control of King◆Proprietary (Maryland, Pennsylvania) individuals appointed by King➔representative government, accustomed to holding elections (taxes, etc.)➔England’s population rapidly increasing, economy depressed➔poor farmers increased, opportunities in America ➔Jamestown◆First permanent colony in America, 1607, chartered by King James I➔Early Problems◆suffered from their own mistakes●Located along James River, fatal outbreaks (dysentery, malaria), some men refused to hunt and farm (gold-seekers), conflicts with indians = starvation, forceful leadership (Captain John Smith)●John Rolfe & Pocahontas = colony developed (tobacco, profitable crop)➔Transition to a Royal Colony◆Virginia colony on verge of collapsing by 1624(6,000 people started there, 2,000 left), King James I fed up, revoked charter, took direct control-> Now known as Virginia, first royal colony➔Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay◆Religious motivation (not wealth), two english colonies, settled by protestants●Dissented from Church of England after broke away from (roman catholic church), influenced by John Calvin, doctrine of predestination●Dissentersseen as threat to King James I’s authority, arrested & jailed➔The Plymouth Colony◆Radical dissents of Church of England -> Separatists●Wanted a separate church, left England for Holland, aka Pilgrims●Economic hardship, cultural differences w/ dutch -> led them to America (1620)●Landed on Massachusetts coast, established a new colony Plymouth (Virginia Company of London)
Fazio 2➔Early Hardships◆Help from natives, many died after winter, first Thanksgiving 1621◆Leaders -> Captain Miles Standish, Governor William Bradford➔Massachusetts Bay Colony◆These dissenters believed the church needed to be reformed (not changed) Puritans●Persecuted by Charles I -> 1625, small group gained a charter-> 1629◆1630,John Winthrop, and other puritans founded Boston●Gained more settlers (1630s) -> Great MigrationEarly Political Institutions➔Representative Assembly in Virginia (encouraged in Jamestown)◆Guaranteed colonists same rights as in England (representation in lawmaking)◆1619, House of Burgess organized (first representative assembly in America)➔Representative Government in New England◆1620, Mayflower, document signed●Said they would make decisions by majority, known as the Mayflower Compact, first form of self-government, written constitution◆In Massachusetts Bay Colony●freemen (malemembers of the PuritanChurch) participate in elections➔Limits to Colonial Democracy◆Most colonists exclude●Females & landless-> few rights, slaves & servants-> no rights ◆