C121 Task 2.doc - A Explain the reasons for the rise of...

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A. Explain the reasons for the rise of partisan politics in the Early RepublicThe United States partisan parties were led by Alexander Hamilton, in favor of federal government (Federalists), and Thomas Jefferson, who believed in a strong state government (Anti-Federalists/Republicans)and believed the Constitution invited tyranny ("Rise of Partisan Politics", 2019). These leaders interpreted the Constitution in different ways – Hamilton saw it as a guide, while Jefferson believed in a stricter interpretation (Norton, 2015).The addition of the Bill of Rights did little to sway either party. As seen in England, Hamilton and his party believed trade and industry would create a credit-worthy, organized government and a stable economy. The Republicans did not trust bankers, feared tyranny, and believed that farming and agriculture were best for thestates. It was unclear how the states would agree be governed so the leaders decided that they should set up their own voting guidelines. Initially, most states limited this right to property-owning white males. A few states allowed women who owned property to vote and most free black men could as well. President Andrew Jacksonadvocated for non property owners however, African Americans, women, and Native Americans had to continue to fight for this right ("Right To Vote - Elections - Classroom Presentation | Teacher Resources - Library of Congress", 2019). B. Discuss the development of the Second Party System– platforms and leadersThe First Party System collapsed after the War of 1812 because Americans believed whoever was in office would do their best for the people, regardless of the political party.The Second Party System describes the political system in place after that, from 1828 to 1854 ("What Was the U.S. Second Party System? History andSignificance", 2019). Politics was covered in the newspapers and writers threw their support behind candidates. Because of this public interest and participation grew – Americans practiced loyalty (again) to the

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