Counter Culture.docx - Counter Culture 1967 1968 1969...

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Counter Culture-1967, 1968, 1969-Hippies-They liked to imbibe in Mary Jane, LSD-Peace-Woodstock (music festival)-Summer of Love (1967)-Greninch Village, NYC-Height Ashbury, San Francisco-Communes-Peter MAXNixon and WatergateThe Election of 1968-Richard Nixon only narrowly won the 1968 election, but the combined total popular votes for Nixon and Wallace indicated a shift to the right in American politics-The 1960’s began as an era of optimism and possibility ended in disarray-Nixon campaigned as a champion of the “silent majority”, the hardworking -Americans who paid taxes, did not demonstrate, and desired a restoration of “law and order”Daniel Ellsberg and the Pentagon Papers-Daniel Ellsberg was an employee of the Defense Department who leaked a classified assessment of the Vietnam War in 1971-The 7,000 page document came to be known as the Pentagon Papers-They cast doubt on the justification for entry into the war and revealed that senior government officials had serious misgivings about the war-When the New York Times and Washington Post began to publish the Pentagon Papers, the Nixon Administration sued them-The Supreme Court ruled that the papers could continue to publish the documentsThe White House Plumbers-After the release of the Pentagon Papers, the White House created a unit to ensure internal security-This unit was called the Plumbers because they stopped leaks, Howard Hunt, G. Gordon Liddy, James McCord, and Chuck Colson-In 1971 they burglarized the office of Danial Ellsberg’s psychiatrist, seeking material to discredit him-It was later revealed that Nixon’s domestic advisor John Ehrlichman knew of and approved the planThe Watergate Break-in
-When initial polls showed Nixon losing in Election of 1972, the Plumbers turned their activities to political espionage-On June 17, 1972, 5 men were arrested while attempting to bug the headquarters of the Democratic Party inside the Watergate building in Washington D.C.-One of the men arrested, James McCord, was the head of security for the Republican Party-The Nixon campaigned denied any involvementWoodward, Bernstein and Washington Post-Watergate came to public attention largely through the work of Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, investigative reporters from the Washington Post-Despite enormous political pressure, Post editor Ben Bradlee, publisher Katherine Graham, Woodward and Bernstein, aided by an enigmatic source nicknamed “Deep throat” kept the storyin the public consciousness until Nixon’s resignation-Later revealed that “Deep throat” was second in command to the FBI, MarkWatergate Enters the Nixon Campaign-The break-in eventually tied to the Nixon reelection campaign through a $25,000 check from a

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