Each event: Bagpipe: Date: Title: Brief Description Brief Analysis of why it was worth including/ positive/negative effects - BELIEFS AMERICA IN THE WORLD GEOGRAPHY IDENTITY POLITICS AND POWER ECONOMICS ● American vs British Advantages (118,119 TAN) (133 BLUE) ○ Date: 1775-1783 ○ In revolutionary times Britain was a global superpower, with a large population, an army of over 50,000, and resources far surpassing than the Americas. Within America’s own position, Loyalists, Indians, and slaves were more likely to aid the British, who promised protection, peace and freedom. The British were also able to hire Hessians, german mercenaries. However, the Americans had an advantage in that the British were dealing with power struggles with other european nations and internal struggles between Loyalists and Tories. Americans were fighting on their own ground, more deeply committed to the conflict, and overall had stronger leadership. After 1777, America also had the advantage of foreign military assistance from France. The Americans were disadvantaged due to the inconsistent nature of local militias which were inadequately equipped. ● 1763- 1783 American Patriots (114 TAN) ○ Patriots were those who were for independence and the fight for liberty from British rule. Patriots were generally the colonies elite land owners, but also included Scots-Irish, Congregationalists, Presbyterians, and more.
○ ● American vs British Tactics ○ 1775-1783 ○ Americans used unskilled local militias, while Britain generally used trained British soldiers. The Americans however had significantly more familiarity with the terrain, enabling them to engage in guerilla warfare against the British who’s war tactics were not designed to cope with the ever changing conditions it presents. ● June 1776, Battle of Charleston ○ A small patriot force in June 1776 defended Charleston against over 2,900 British troops and seamen under the command of Major General Sir Henry Clinton and Commodore Peter Parker.
○ - 1776/ ● 1777- 1789, Articles of Confederation (131 BLUE) ○ the Articles of Confederation combined the states into a “firm league of friendship” in 1777, creating a government with very limited authority during the revolutionary war. The Articles didn’t allow the states to participate in any sort of foreign relations on their own,got rid of trade and travel regulations between states, and made judicial rulings that can be applied across state lines. However, the new government was too weak, and unable to tax or delegate trade. This heavily affected America’s war effort, making acquisition of troops and funds for supplies and weapons significantly more difficult. Eventually the articles were replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
○ ● 1780 (online), Battle of Camden, ● 1781- Battle of Cowpens ○ The Battle of cowpens was America’s first official victory of the revolutionary war.
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