Final ResearchSupport, Recovery & Studies of the Incarcerated African-American WomanMykisha RushGrambling UniversityWomen in the Justice System
Final ResearchSupport, Recovery & Studies of the Incarcerated African-American Woman“To imprison a woman is to remove her voice from the world, but many female inmateshave been silenced by life long before the transport van carries them from the courthouse to thecorrectional facility…Their essays, then, are victories against voicelessness- miracles in print(Lamb, 2004).Women, all over the world, have been incarcerated for years. With a fluctuationof incarceration rates, the truth remains that women have cycled their way in and out of thecriminal justice system. In doing so, women have had to spend time imprisoned either because oftheir wrongdoing and sometimes because of blatant injustices.Women have faced injustices inthe criminal justice system for years; however, African-American women have had moreexperiences with the criminal justice system and have faced more minor charges than any otherrace, thus they have had many other women to support them along the way, created ways torecover behind bars, and have been the subject of many studies conducted.Women and Injustices“Too often when women are sent to prison, many people are quick to label them as rejectsor simply bad women. Many of them have powerful stories to tell, but because of the stigmaattached to them, oftentimes people are not willing to listen. Negative stereotypes ofrace/ethnicity, class and gender are reflected all throughout the criminal justice system. Forinstance, Hispanic Americans continue to experience prejudice by European descendants in theirquest for land.African Americans were brought to a land against their will while theConstitution declared they could not be counted as people but could be counted as property.Inaddition, Asian Americans were “rounded up on the West Coast and placed in concentrationcamps in the desert, the Rocky Mountains, and Arkansas- (Moyer, 2001).” What this exemplifiesis that since the beginning of time, people have been ostracized, mistreated, and isolated because
Final Researchof race and ethnicity. Racism can only be reduced when we address the roots of it. As Dr. MartinLuther King said quite often, violence cannot be fought with violence, neither can hatred befought with hatred. As people, we must rise above our differences and find peace in the manycommonalities we share. Simply put, racism will be present somewhere in this world forever;however, we can diminish it by getting to the root and ensuring that those instrumental in thecriminal system are passionate about people, and not a specific group of people.There is a distinct and obvious racial disparity when it comes to women and the criminaljustice system. African-American women’s incarceration rates are significantly higher than anyother race, and there are two theoretical pathways that attempt to explain these racial differences.