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Unformatted text preview: Film History Notes 216 The Arrival of Sound - Sound & Cinema : after invention of cinema , sound was most important event in film history - early sound systems ( " phonofilm " ) systems relied on phonograph to reproduce sound - all had troubles : synching sound w/ film, amplifying sound for audience , reconciling short length of cylinder & dive formats w / standard length of motion pic . Early Sound Techniques " silent " cinema was rare - sound effects provided by performers or sound effect machines ( Allefex or kinematephone ) , 8 live" perpermaners MUSIC Sound on Film - few exhibitors in major cities could afford orchestras or Wurlitzer organg - sound- on- film methes were shifted from sound on dise methods Tri - Ergon Process : invented (1919 ) by Josef Engl , Joseph Massole , Hand Vogt - convert sound waves to plestrie impulses then to light waves recorded photographeally on rage of film strip. Dr. Lee De Brost : forest : ( 1907 ) patented the Audion 3 - Electrode Amplifier tube - Audion tube became essential " technology of all sound systems requiring amplification Vitaphone : sephistreated sound - on - dise system - Warner bros . established Vitaphone Co . Fears - the conversion to sound threatened entire reonomic structure of the American Film industry The big 5 Agreement : MGM , Famous Players - Losky , First National, Varversal, Producers Distributing Corp. signed to adopt a uniform sound system if d when conversion breame necessary Warner Bros : (1927 ) announced all silent films would be produced w / syneronized musical accompaniment - completed lit sound studio in the world - " Lights of New York "(1928 ) first 100 % " all talkie " , relied entirely on spoken word. Industry Conversion : nearly a total conversion to sound in 1929 studios had to borrow huge sums of money Prom Wall Street borrowing was offset by prodigious profits of the some year...
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  • Summer '18
  • Lara Hyrcaj
  • Warner Bros, Sound film, Arrival of Sound

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