Unformatted text preview: Film History Notes 216
The Arrival of Sound
- Sound & Cinema : after invention of cinema , sound was most important event in film history
- early sound systems ( " phonofilm " ) systems relied on phonograph to reproduce sound
- all had troubles : synching sound w/ film, amplifying sound for audience , reconciling short length of cylinder & dive formats
w / standard length of motion pic .
Early Sound Techniques
" silent " cinema was rare
- sound effects provided by performers or sound effect machines ( Allefex or kinematephone ) , 8 live" perpermaners
Sound on Film
- few exhibitors in major cities could afford orchestras or Wurlitzer organg
- sound- on- film methes were shifted from sound on dise methods
Tri - Ergon Process : invented (1919 ) by Josef Engl , Joseph Massole , Hand Vogt
- convert sound waves to plestrie impulses then to light waves recorded photographeally on rage of film strip.
Dr. Lee De Brost :
forest : ( 1907 ) patented the Audion 3 - Electrode Amplifier tube
- Audion tube became essential " technology of all sound systems requiring amplification
Vitaphone : sephistreated sound - on - dise system
- Warner bros . established Vitaphone Co .
Fears - the conversion to sound threatened entire reonomic structure of the American Film industry
The big 5 Agreement : MGM , Famous Players - Losky , First National, Varversal, Producers Distributing Corp. signed to
adopt a uniform sound system if d when conversion breame necessary
Warner Bros : (1927 ) announced all silent films would be produced w / syneronized musical accompaniment
- completed lit sound studio in the world
- " Lights of New York "(1928 ) first 100 % " all talkie " , relied entirely on spoken word.
Industry Conversion : nearly a total conversion to sound in 1929
studios had to borrow huge sums of money Prom Wall Street
borrowing was offset by prodigious profits of the some year...
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- Summer '18
- Lara Hyrcaj
- Warner Bros, Sound film, Arrival of Sound