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Chapter 26 / Exercise 01
Biology
Martin/Solomon
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Name: _________________________________________ How Do Chloroplasts Capture Energy from the Sun? Plant cells and some algae contain an organelle called the chloroplast. The chloroplast allows plants to harvest energy from sunlight, a process known as photosynthesis. Specialized pigments in the chloroplast absorb sunlight and use this energy to combine carbon dioxide and water to make glucose and oxygen. The complete reaction is: 6CO2 + 6H2O C6H12O6 + 6O2Raw Materials (Reactants)CO2= carbon dioxideH2O = water ProductsC6H12O6= glucose O2= oxygen Plant cells can use this process to manufacture glucose, a simple sugar. Some of the glucose is used immediately for cellular respiration, where it is converted to a high energy compound called ATP. You might recall from studies of the cell, that the process of creating ATP occurs in the mitochondria. Glucose that is not used right away is packaged as carbohydrates or fats and then stored in the roots, seeds, and fruits.
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Chapter 26 / Exercise 01
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Martin/Solomon
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