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A . Describe the role that political parties played, in American politics. Reluctantly launched in the 1790s, the political parties matured into essential parts of our political system, serving four critical functions, selecting candidates, mobilizing voters, facilitating governance, and monitoring the opposition when it came to power. B. Multiparty system vs a two-party system in America. multiparty system : many different parties exist, seriously compete for, and win public offices. Two party system - two major parties dominate the political system each having a realistic chance of gaining power in office. C. Do you believe that the two-party political in America is still running smoothly? the main reason that political parties emerged and have lasted so long in the US is because of the winner take all style of election we have. This style is written into our constitution. it did not stop the Founders from taking sides on key issues that were plaguing the young nation and it was from these differences that the first political parties grew. the two-party system has a historical precedence of functioning well in the American version of a democratic republic. D. Explain why or why not, you feel this way. the two-party system believe that it does not offer enough room for new ideas and third-party candidates. E. Give examples of the two dominant parties in our system, as well as any minor party competition. A political party that appeals to only a small percentage of voters will always lose to a party that is more popular. the Democratic Party and the Republican Party have become the dominant parties in the US. There are still other parties, such as the Independent, Green, Socialist, and even Communist parties. Usually these parties don't get enough votes or attention to become popular though. F. Describe any Systemic reasons for the evolution of the two-party system in American politics. the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists the predecessors of today's Republican and Democratic parties. The opposition was based on the powers of the government. The Federalists wanted a strong federal government while the Anti-Federalists wanted a weak federal government with strong state government rights. PART 2 PAC (Political Action Committee): Contribute significantly to reelection campaigns or representatives and senators who support the PAC's. Extension of an interest group that contributes money to political campaigns. Fundraising arms of interest groups. Donations to and contributions from PAC's are regulated by federal law. Incumbent: a current officeholder Free riding: The practice of relying on others to contribute to a collective effort *failing to participate, but still benefitting. Proportional Representations: An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote . Is a system used to elect a country's government. If proportional representation is used in an election, a political party that wins 10% of the vote, will win 10% of the seats in parliament and a party that wins 20% of the vote, will win 20% of the seats.
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