Chapter 1 - Justin Fitzgerald 3/31/2008 Anthropology Study...

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Justin Fitzgerald 5/7/2009 Anthropology Study guide Unit 1 Study Guide Chapter 1-Vocabulary Bio-cultural Approach - Studying Humans in terms of the interaction between biology and cultural evolutionary adaptation. Holistic - Integrating all aspects of existence in understanding variation and evolution. Variation- The differences that exist among individuals or populations. Comparative Approach- Comparing human populations to determine common and unique behaviors or biological traits. Evolution- Change in populations or organisms from one generation to the next. Adaptation- The process of successful interaction between a population and environment. Cultural Anthropology - The subfield of anthropology, that focuses on variations in cultural behaviors among populations. Anthropological Archaeology- The subfield of anthropology, that focuses on cultural variation in prehistoric (and some historic) populations by analyzing the culture’s remains. Linguistic Anthropology- The subfield of anthropology, that focuses on the nature of human language, the relationship of languages to culture, and the languages of non- literate peoples. Biological Anthropology - The subfield of anthropology, that focuses on the biological evolution of humans and human ancestors, the relationship of humans to other organisms, and patterns of biological variation within and among human populations. Also; referred to as Physical Anthropology. Fact-
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Chapter 1 - Justin Fitzgerald 3/31/2008 Anthropology Study...

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