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Kohlberg’s Moral Development1Week 5 Assignment: Kohlberg’s Moral DevelopmentRobin Nelson, Shanaa Mitchell, & Tina CookPSYCH/600Monday, December 10th, 2018
Kohlberg’s Moral Development2Lawrence KohlbergAs humans develop, their moral compass begins to change. What does this mean? Humans begin to distinguish right from wrong. Also, understanding the goodness and badness of human's characters. An American psychologist and educator, Lawrence Kohlberg, was intrigued by Jean Piaget's moral development and decided to do his own research. According to Berk (2011), he interviews boys based on a hypothetical moral dilemma. The best-known dilemma was the "Heinz dilemma." This dilemma demonstrated following the law and not stealing againstthe value of a human life (saving someone from dying). These boys had to give their view on what Heinz, the husband of the dying wife, should do. Whether to steal the medicine and go to jail to save his wife or sacrifice his wife life by obeying the law. After his research, he came up with Pre-Conventional, Conventional, and Post Conventional. Each level has two stages creating the six stage of moral development. Each stage gave understanding to human moral development. There were some limitations to his moral development that brought some psychologist such as Carol Gilligan to go against Kohlberg's moral development. Contributions Understanding Moral DevelopmentAccording to Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning, the cognitive-development takes an assumption that the primary mental structure is as a result of relationships or interactions between certain organismic structuring tendencies and the general structure of the outside world. Kohlberg examines that moral reasoning is exercised in the mental structure; the structure refers to the general attributes of shape, pattern organization of response like rules that guide the processing information, for connecting experienced events. He goes ahead and explains that linkages are formed by both selective and active processes of attention, information gathering tactics and motivate thinking. Kohlberg's structures of moral reasoning are synthetic due to the
Kohlberg’s Moral Development3active processes between the human organism which is a self-regulating system of cognitive and effective inclination and the social environment in which it is found.

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