learning_goals_by_chapter_F2018.pdf - Astronomy 1105:...

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Astronomy 1105: Chapter One Learning GoalsBy the end of this chapter, you should be able todifferentiate between scientific laws and scientific theories.explain the scientific methodconvert numbers between decimal notation and scientific notation.express physical quantities using metric prefixes.determine the number of significant figures in a given number.use the correct number of significant figures in calculations involving addition and subtractionand/or multiplication and division.use ratios in unit conversion problems, or to solve for unknown quantities.calculate one of speed, distance traveled, or time elapsed given the other two quantities.This covers material from the following sections of the textbook:Chapter 1 - Science and the Universe: A Brief Tour1.1: The Nature of Astronomy1.2: The Nature of Science1.3: The Laws of Nature1.4: Numbers in Astronomy1.6: A Tour of the Universe1.7: The Universe on the Large Scale1.8: The Universe of the Very Small1.9: A Conclusion and a BeginningTextbook AppendixA.3: Scientific NotationA.4: Units Used in ScienceA.5: Some Useful Constants for AstronomyMaterial for some of these learning goals will be provided in class.
Astronomy 1105: Chapter Two Learning GoalsBy the end of this chapter, you should be able todefine the main features of the celestial sphere: zenith, celestial pole, and celestial equator.describe how the apparent motion and location of stars depends on the location of the ob-server.explain how apparent motion of the stars, planets and Sun depends on the rotation of theEarth and the orbit of the Earth around the Sun.define ecliptic, heliocentric, geocentric, parallax, and apparent magnitude.discuss the magnitude scale, and whether larger or smaller magnitudes appear more brightexplain the modern meaning of the terms constellation and asterism.differentiate between zodiac and circumpolar constellations.name (at least) 8 constellations and sketch their star pattern.explain how Greek astronomers were able to deduce the Earth is sphericalexplain how Greek astronomers were able to calculate the size of the Earth.describe the motion of the Earth called precession.explain why we observe retrograde motion of planets.describe Ptolemy’s geocentric system of planetary motion (making using of epicycles).state the contributions of Copernicus and Galileo to modern astronomy.explain the Copernican model of planetary motion.explain the evidence and arguments in favor of the Copernican model of planetary motion.This covers material from the following sections of the textbook:Chapter 2 - Observing the Sky: The Birth of Astronomy2.1: The Sky Above2.4: Ancient Babylonian, Greek and Roman Astronomy2.5: Astrology and Astronomy2.6: The Birth of Modern Astronomy - Copernicus and Galileo
Astronomy 1105: Chapter Three Learning GoalsBy the end of this chapter, you should be able to

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Term
Winter
Professor
N/A
Tags
Astronomy, White dwarf, main sequence

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