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UNIVERSITY OF THE PEOPLERenaissance, Baroque andRococoScience Influence on the ArtsSGPRenaissance, Baroque and Rococo was heavily influenced by the scientific discoveries of the time.
INTRODUCTIONThe Renaissance, which means “rebirth”, is the period between the 14thand 17thCentury that followed the Middle Ages. It was centered on the anthropocentric belief that man was the center of the universe. This period brought a radical cultural, artistic, political and scientific change to European society. (Renaissance, n.d.)The rise of humanistic thinking led to questioning the status quo, to encouraging experimentation and observation of nature and the physical world to solve the problems of the time. (Renaissance, n.d.)Science, from pure math to the new discoveries in astronomy, biology, botany and philosophy had a major influence in the different forms of art of the time. Science was the tool tounderstand the new social, artistic and cultural order.Science revealed the errors of the past and generated a new reality. There is perfection in nature, in space, in movement where everything is in constant interaction and convergence leading to a new way of viewing, interpreting and presenting reality.During the Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo periods, art freed itself from the grasp of the church and looked towards the outside world. Artists became curious of their surroundings and started to explore what was happening in the sciences leading to a symbiosis between art andscience.
RENAISSANCE PERIODAt the end of the 14thcentury, Europe went through a period that lasted about 200 years: the Renaissance. People started to re discover art and the studies of ancient Greece and Rome to develop new ideas about the world. (Renaissance Art, n.d.)Geometry and the discovery of linear and aerial perspective gave Renaissance artists a new way of seeing and portraying the physical world around them. This change in perception was fundamental for the revolution of occidental art. (Renaissance Art, n.d.)The Renaissance is a period of changes in Europe, based on secular ideas. People defied Aristotelian logic and Christian philosophy. The church became less influential, there was an anthropocentric look at the world, people started to look at nature and to paint the natural world and they used reason to examine and to understand the world. They started to look at their surroundings more profoundly and observation and experimentation in all areas gained momentum. (Righthand, 2010)Art incorporated elements of mathematics, physics, light, shadow, perspective and anatomy. It was in Europe where modern science got its start. Copernicus demonstrated that the earth rotated around the sun, Servet discovered the blood circulation in the lungs and DaVinci studied human anatomy. Gutemberg invented the printing press and for the first time, books

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