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The Main Concepts of the U.S. ConstitutionJennifer MercadoGOVT 421 – American Constitutional HistoryApril 22, 2019
The Articles of Confederation, along with the Declaration of Independence, became America’s first national compact created for the original 13 states to govern themselves after breaking awayfrom the Great Britain government. From 177-1781, the Articles of Confederation was in effect but people realized they needed a stronger, more centralized government in which they decided arevision was necessary. Little did the Founding Fathers know that when they met in Philadelphia,that they would be writing a whole new set of rules and regulations that would govern the citizens of the United States called the Constitution. For over 230 years, the United States Constitution has governed American citizens today and its residents. The 3 main principles of theConstitution are federalism, separation of powers and the rule of law.FederalismThe definition of federalism is the division of power between the national government and states.This concept of federalism started in America and has continued to grow rapidly and expand over decades. The Founding Fathers created federalism, a government system, in which the political authority is divided but each system is independent yet works alongside each other. Thiswas created because the smaller, less populated states wanted their voice heard and didn’t want to be forgotten or ignored. McClellan stated “The American federal union is neither a centralizedpolitical structure nor a mere league of independent states.”

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