hd 216 prelim 1 study guide

hd 216 prelim 1 study guide - Social Transitions Steinberg...

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Social Transitions Steinberg, Introduction, pp. 3-19: How do different perspectives influence how we define the beginning and ending of adolescence? Among the most important perspectives are psychology, biology, history, sociology, education, and anthropology. Within all of these perspectives, adolescence is viewed as a transitional period whose chief purpose is the preparation of children for adult roles. Rather than viewing adolescence as having a specific beginning and ending, it makes more sense to think of the period as being composed of a series of passages- biological, psychological, social, and economic- from immaturity into maturity. Using different perspectives what are some boundaries for the beginning and end of adolescence? Perspective Start Adoles. End Adoles. Biological Onset of puberty Becoming capable of sexual reproduction Emotional Beginning of detachment from parents Attainment of separate sense of identity Cognitive Emergence of more advanced reasoning abilities Consolidation of advanced reasoning abilities Interpersonal Beginning of a shift in interest from parental to peer relations Development of capacity for intimacy with peers Social Beginning of training for adult work, family and citizen roles Full attainment of adult status and privileges Educational Entrance into Junior high school Completion of formal schooling Legal Attainment of juvenile status Attainment of majority Chronological Attainment if designated age of adolescence Attainment of designated age of adulthood Cultural Entrance into period of training for a ceremonial rite of passage Completion of ceremonial rite of passage When are early, middle and late adolescence? Early: 10- 13, Middle: 14-17, Late: 18- 22 What are some other terms for late adolescence? Youth and emerging adulthood What are the components of John Hill’s framework for studying adolescence? 3 Basic Components: the fundamental changes of adolescence, the contexts of adolescence, and the psychosocial developments of adolescents Explain G. Stanley Hall’s view of adolescence. Stanley is the father of the modern study of adolescence, likened adolescence to the turbulent, transitional period in the evolution of the human species from savagery into civilization. “Adolescence is a new birth. Development is less gradual, suggestive of some ancient period of storm and stress.” How do psychoanalytic theorists view adolescence? * Explain whether learning theories, sociological theories, historical theories, and anthropological theories stress genetic or environmental components of adolescent development. Major theories about adolescence can be organized along a continuum, with biological theories at one end, and historical and anthropological theories at the other. In the middle of the continuum are organismic, learning, and sociological theories. These theories vary in the degree to which they view adolescence as a biologically determined period of development versus
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This test prep was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course HD 2160 taught by Professor Schelhas-miller,c. during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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hd 216 prelim 1 study guide - Social Transitions Steinberg...

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