postmodernist lecture - LECTURE 34 WHAT IS POSTMODERNISM?...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 LECTURE 34 SOC-101 CORNELL WHAT IS POSTMODERNISM? 1) OK, TODAY WE ARE MOVING ON TO PART VIII OF THE COURSE A) POST-MODERNISM AND SCIENCE FICTION 2) THE FIRST QUESTION WE NEED TO ANSWER IS WHAT EXACTLY IS POST- MODERNISM? A) POST-MODERNISM IS AN INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT ENCOMPASSING THE ARTS, LITERATURE, FILM, DANCE, MUSIC, ARCHITECTURE AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCES WHOSE B) AIM IS TO TRACE OUT THE THEORETICAL, POLITICAL, CULTURAL AND MORAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE COLLAPSE OF THE IDEA OF PROGRESS 3) REMEMBER, ADVOCATES OF PROGRESS BELIEVE THAT: A) HISTORY IS LINEAR . B) WESTERN COUNTRIES REPRESENT THE TECHNOLOGICAL, MORAL AND POLITICAL APEX OF SOCIAL EVOLUTION . C) ANYONE WHO IS NOT LIKE US IS BACKWARD OR DEVIANT . D) PROPONENTS OF PROGRESS BELIEVE THAT ONE GRAND NARRATIVE OR STORY CAN ENCOMPASS ALL OF HISTORY. E) THEY BELIEVE IN UNIVERSAL TRUTHS AND VALUES . F) THAT RATIONALITY WILL OVERCOME THE IRRATIONALITY . S1 - POSTMODERNISM & SF S2 - POSTMODERNISM
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
G) THEY BELIEVE THAT SCIENCE IS OBJECTIVE. 1) THAT NATURAL OR SOCIAL SCIENTISTS HOLD A PRIVILEGED VIEWPOINT. 2) THAT THEY OPERATE OUTSIDE OF LOCAL INTERESTS OR BIAS. 3) THAT SCIENCE WILL PROVIDE AN INCREASINGLY ACCURATE REPRESENTATION OF THE WORLD. 4) THAT SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS CAN PROVIDE THE BASIS FOR IMPROVING SOCIETY AND CONTROLLING NATURE . 4) POSTMODERNISTS REJECT ALL OF THESE ASSUMPTIONS A) THEY ARGUE THAT BOTH THEORETICALLY AND CULTURALLY WE HAVE CROSSED A POST-MODERN DIVIDE MODERN POSTMODERN PROGRESS PLURALITY OPTIMISM PESSIMISM GRAND NARRATIVES LOCAL HISTORIES UNIVERSAL PARTICULAR IDEAL UNIQUE OBJECTIVITY SUBJECTIVITY RATIONALITY IRRATIONALITY TRUTH FRAGMENTATION PRODUCTIVE REPRODUCTIVE REPRESENTATION SIMULATION FOUNDATIONALISM RELATIVISM 5) OK, LET’S EXPLORE SOME OF THESE CONTRASTS UNIVERSAL VERSUS THE PARTICULAR 1) LET’S START WITH THE UNIVERSAL VERSUS THE PARTICULAR A) IN OUR FIRST CLASS WE DISCUSSED HOW ESSENTIALISM PROVIDED THE FOUNDATION FOR ALL THE “MODERN” SCIENCES B) WE DISCUSSED NEWTON’S LAWS, THE PERIODIC TABLE IN CHEMISTRY AND SO ON S3 - POSTMODERN DIVIDE
Background image of page 2
2) I WANT TO GIVE YOU ANOTHER EXAMPLE TODAY A) THE NORMAL CURVE IN STATISTICS B) ACTUALLY WHEN THIS CURVE WAS FIRST INVENTED IN THE 18TH CENTURY 1) IT WAS CALLED “THE LAW OF ERRORS” C) THEORISTS IN MANY DISCIPLINES GOT QUITE EXCITED ABOUT THIS CURVE 1) BECAUSE THEY THOUGHT THAT IT GAVE THEM AN ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE A) FOR ACHIEVING ARISTOTLE’S GOAL OF SEPARATING NATURAL FROM THE ACCIDENTAL CAUSES. D) ALL ONE HAD TO DO WAS PLOT THE DATA 1) ASCEND TO THE TOP OF THE CURVE TO GET THE MEAN 1) THIS DEFINED THE NATURAL. 2) EVERYTHING ELSE WAS CONSIDERED SIMPLY “DEVIATIONS” A) CAUSED BY SECONDARY INTERFERING FORCES . E) THE LAW OF ERRORS BECAME THE NORMAL CURVE IN THE COURSE OF THE DARWINIAN REVOLUTION 1) DARWIN REJECTED ESSENTIALISM 2) HE NO LONGER THOUGHT ABOUT SPECIES IN TERMS OF FIXED IDEALS 3) BUT RATHER IN TERMS OF BOUNDED NETWORKS AND SHIFTING DISTRIBUTIONS OF VARIABILITY 4) ERRORS AND DEVIATIONS BECAME SIMPLY DIFFERENCES 1) ALL OF WHICH WERE TREATED AS “NORMAL” S4 - NORMAL CURVE
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/30/2008 for the course SOC 1101 taught by Professor Mclaughlin during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

Page1 / 18

postmodernist lecture - LECTURE 34 WHAT IS POSTMODERNISM?...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online