soc final review - Study outline for final exam Soc 202...

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Study outline for final exam Soc. 202 Fall 2007 Note: This is an outline of the major themes and concepts discussed in class and/or from your readings. This is not a complete list of every concept or idea that will be covered on the exam. This is not a replacement for reading the material that has been assigned. Use this as a helpful tool to organize your studying, but do not rely on it solely. Keep in mind when you are studying that knowing the definition of a concept is not very useful unless you are able to apply it to real life circumstances. Similarly, observations are great but you should always ask yourself why said phenomenon is observed. In other words, think in terms of explanations and always ask yourself “why” whenever you are addressing an observed social phenomenon. If you have any questions regarding the exam please contact me via email—[email protected] No question is stupid except for those questions not asked. Principles of Sociology Review Material What does it mean to possess a sociological imagination? Why is it important to differentiate between personal troubles and public issues? Why is it important to recognize the interplay between history and biography? How is the sociological imagination illustrated in Gaines’ article on suburban teen suicide? You should be knowledgeable about the following terms/ideas/perspectives discussed in class: surveys, experiments, theories, concepts, variables (independent/dependent), symbolic interactionism, functionalism, and conflict theory. You should also be familiar with random sampling (systematic samples vs. stratified samples), observational research (overt vs. covert and detached vs. participant), analysis of existing data, and the experimental designs (experimental vs. control groups). Why is sampling important? How do the major theoretical perspectives differ from one another? What are some basic criticisms of these theoretical frameworks? What is the Thomas Theorem and with what perspective is it associated? Culture is defined as the values, beliefs, behavior, and material objects that together form a people’s way of life. You should be able to discuss the following concepts relating to culture: symbols, language, values, beliefs, norms, material culture, and nonmaterial culture. What causes norms to change? What do the following terms mean: multiculturalism, cultural relativism, and ethnocentrism? What is a subculture? What
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