CISP111 Final ProjectPlanning is the first phase of the System Development Life Cycle. This phase begins when, “someone identifies the need for a new or enhanced system,” (Hoffer, Valacich, & George, 2017, p. 8). The goal of this step is to define what the total information system needs areand to then determine what steps/actions need to be done to fulfill these needs.Once the needs are identified, they are arranged by level of priority. Following this, “two additional major activities are also performed during the planning phase: the formal, yet still preliminary, investigation of the system problem or opportunity at hand and the presentation of reasons why the system should or should not be developed by the organization,” (Hoffer, Valacich, & George, 2017, p. 9).This step is important because, “Proper comprehensive project planning is essential to a successful IT project, and incomplete project planning and analysis are frequently root causes of project failure,” (“Phase 3: Planning Phase”, 2011). The planning phase is complete once the route of action has been agreed upon.Key Components of the Planning Phase:The Planning phase is made up of three primary activities. ●Identifying potential development projects. Organizations vary as to how they identify projects. This process can be performed by a key member of top management, either the CEO of a small or medium sized organization or a senior executive in a large organization; a steering committee, composed of across section of managers with an interest in system;user departments, in which either the head of the requesting unit or a committee from the requesting department decides which projects to submit; or the development group or a senior IS manager (Valacich & George, 2017).