# Semester project.docx - RING MECHANICAL ENERGY ENGINEERING...

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RING MECHANICAL & ENERGY ENGINEERING ENRG 314 FLUID MECHANICS Term Project Report Design of a Pipe and Pump System for Livestock Watering Abstract : 1
The primary objective of this report to describe the design of pipe and pump system for a 200- cow herd that consumes 4000 gallons of water. We can achieve that by using conservation of energy equations, also by using volumetric flow rate equation, moreover by using total head losses equations. finally, the final design consists of 2000 feet No. 1.5 (nominal dia) pipe, a 1.5 hp water pump, with a flow rate of 20 gals/min to supply 4000 gallons of water to livestock. Introduction: 2
Design problem: When you are providing water to the animals, we will face two issues: 1) we must meet the total water requirements, but in the other hand water must be available when the animals want to drink. If enough flow rate is available, water can be supplied for animals on demand. However, if the flow rate is low, we must have a storage for water that meets the demand. We can say in another words a minimum of 24 hours of water requires storage capacity, so the water is available always when the animals want to drink. [1] 2) The rate for water consumption and the cow-herd style depends on where is the location of water. If the water is not located near the herd, for example if the water located somewhere outside the grazing area, the animals must leave and go to drink from that water source. When these happen we will notice that, some of the animals will wait until others to finish, and that will affect them because they will suffer from thirst. To design an alternative watering system: as I mentioned before there are some requirements we should meet in order to design the appropriate pumping system. In our problem we know that the herd is consume daily a 4000 gallons of water during summer, so monthly they need about 124,000 gallons of water, and the source of water is a pond. And vertical distance between water source and watering tank is 100 feet and requires 2000 feet of pipe.