Final Exam Review.pptx - Final Exam Review House Seats...

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Final Exam Review
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House Seats Constitution provides for the apportionment of House seats among the states on the basis of their respective populations Reapportioned every 10 years
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Congressional Districts Senators expected to represent all of the people in a state, representatives elected by the voters of a particular area known as a congressional district
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Supreme Court Addresses Apportionment Issues Malapportionment – situation in which the voting power of citizens in one district is greater than the voting power of citizens in another district “one person, one vote” rule – requires that congressional districts have equal populations so that one person’s vote counts as much as another’s vote
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Gerrymandering Occurs when a district’s boundaries are drawn to maximize the influence of a certain group or political party After the 2010 consensus – Republican party won control of state legislatures across the country – result was large number of Republican gerrymanders which had a substantial effect on the 2012 elections errymandering-explained/2016/04/21/e447f5c2-07f e-11e6-bfed-ef65dff5970d_video.html?utm_term=. 08f3ddc6f562
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Question Some states have tried to prevent gerrymandering by establishing independent redistricting commissions. What kinds of individuals should serve on such commissions and why?
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Power of Incumbency Incumbent – someone already in office Incumbents typically win most often and by large amounts why? Professional staffs Lawmaking power Access to the media Name recognition
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House Leadership Speaker of the House – president officer in the House – member of the majority party and most powerful member of the House Has substantial control over what bills are assigned to which committee May preside over sessions Votes in the event of a tie Plays a major role in making important committee member assignments Speaker schedules bills for action
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Senate Leadership President Pro Tempore – serves in absence of the V.P. V.P. is actually the president of the Senate Party Leaders – Majority and Minority leaders like the house
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Congressional Committees Standing Committees – permanent and most powerful committees of Congress – ex. Foreign relations, agriculture Subcommittees – division of a larger committee that deals with a particular part of the committee’s policy area Conference committees- temporary committee that is formed when the two chambers pass differing versions of the same bill
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Filibuster in Senate Use of unlimited debate to obstruct legislation May be ended by invoking cloture – procedure for closing debate and bringing matter to consideration for a vote – 16 Senators must sign petition requesting cloture, and after 2 days, 3/5 of entire membership must vote for cloture https:// http :// mentalfloss.com/article/49360/5-famous-filibuster s
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  • Fall '19
  • Monroe Doctrine, President of the United States, United States Congress, United States Senate

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