med anti.docx - Ceffazolin(ancef kefzol Therap anit –...

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Ceffazolin (ancef, kefzol) Therap: anit – infective Pharm: first gen cephalosporin MOA: interferes w/ later stages of bacterial cell well synthesis through inactivation of penicillin and inhibiting cross-linking Admin: IM/IV max 12g daily S/E: GI (c-diff diarrhea n/v Rash Pain phlebitis @ site Labs: + coombs incres AST ALT alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin LDH, BUN, Creatine, Pt safety: prego cat B Complete therapy Don’t get live vaccine Nurse caring for a pt who has been prescribed cefazolin( ancef) IV priority assessment is? History of allergy When providing teachin to the client on cefazolin (acef) the nurse should include? Avoid alcohol Imipenem (Primaxin) Carbapenems beta lactem antibiotic MOA: destroy bacteria wall (can cause resistance if used alone) Requires combination therapy Doses: 500 mg q6hrs higher doses ok S/E renal impairment, seizure’s, N/V, diarrhea, organ failure Labs: urinalysis, culture sensitivity, cbc Safety: prego cat C Avoid cilastatin =reduces blood levels valproic acid Monitor seizures and renal impairment When imipenem interacts w/ cilastatin, what causes and increase in seizure activity? Reduced valproic acid in the blood Penicillin G Therap: anti-bacterial Pharm: cell wall inhibitor MOA: inhibits the transpeptidase that catalyzes the final step in cell wall biosynthesis Admin: im iv Doses: 10-14 days S/E: N/V, diarrhea, hypernatremia, hyperkalemia
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  • Summer '13
  • Bacteria, Medications, gentamicin, Hyperkalemia,  S,  Therap

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