ap world history Chapter 17 Workbook.docx - Mr Devlin...

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Mr. DevlinAP World HistoryCHAPTER 17: The Diversity of American Colonial Societies, 1530–1770INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVESAfter studying this chapter students should be able to:1.Understand and illustrate with concrete examples the ways in which the exchange of peoples, plants, animals, and diseases led to environmental, cultural, and economic changes in the Old World (Europe, Asia, and Africa) and particularly in the New World.(Continuity and Change Over Time Essay)2.Make a comparative analysis of the economies and labor systems of the Portuguese, Spanish, French, and English colonies. (Compare and Contrast Essay)3.Explain the causes and long-term implications of the different social structures andpolitical institutions of the Spanish and the English colonies. (Continuity and Change Over Time Essay)4.Understand the ways in which eighteenth-century economic growth and political reform in the Spanish, Portuguese, and English colonies undermined relations betweenthe colonial powers and their American colonists. (Compare and Contrast Essay)CHAPTER OUTLINEI.The Columbian ExchangeA.Demographic Changes1.The peoples of the New World lacked ________ to diseases from the Old World. Smallpox, measles, diphtheria, typhus, influenza, malaria, yellow fever, and maybe pulmonary plague caused severe declines in the population of native peoples in the Spanish and Portuguese colonies. 2.Similar patterns of contagion and mortality may be observed in the English and French colonies in North America. Europeans did not use disease as a tool of empire, but the spread of Old World diseases clearly undermined the ability of native peoples to resist settlement and accelerated cultural change.B.Transfer of Plants and Animals1.European, Asian, and African food crops were introduced to the Americas, while American crops, including maize, beans, potatoes, manioc, and tobacco, were brought to the Eastern Hemisphere. The introduction of New World food crops is thought to be one factor contributing to the rapid growth in world _____________ after 1700.2.The introduction of European livestock such as cattle, pigs, horses, andsheep had a dramatic influence on the ______________ and on the cultures of the native people of the Americas.3.Old World ________ destroyed the crops of some Amerindian farmers. Other Amerindians benefited from the introduction of cattle, sheep, and horses.II.Spanish America and BrazilA.State and Church1.The Spanish crown tried to exert direct control over its American colonies but the difficulty of communication between Spain and the
New World led to a situation in which the _______ of New Spain andPeru and their subordinate officials enjoyed a substantial degree of power.2.After some years of neglect and mismanagement, the Portuguese in 1720 appointed a viceroy to administer ____________.

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