POLS041 01.31.19 Class Notes.docx - Review Hagel believes that philosophers have an aptitude of penetrating reality \u201cCan\u2019t calculate the curve of

POLS041 01.31.19 Class Notes.docx - Review Hagel believes...

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ReviewHagel believes that philosophers have an aptitude of penetrating reality “Can’t calculate the curve of history”Reality exists as a compositeDifferent kinds of knowledge, and we credit empirical knowledge oSeeing is believing, but when it comes to political and moral knowledge believingis seeing oWe shouldn’t dismiss the evidence of our senses oYou have to use something besides sensory data when reading philosophy and studying politics oTo ignore moral claims because they can’t be backed by sensory knowledge, is to ignore a large portion of knowledge in general Feelings are not facts, but do something more rigorous than pure fact Political philosophy contributes something oNot as powerful a tool as Marx would’ve thoughtoHagel believes in understanding and knowledge are important oUnderstand that there is meaning or purpose Political Obligation The relationship between the citizen and the State is complicated. Is there any justification for the existence of the State? Should it command our highest loyalty? Are individuals' interests at odds with the interests of the State? Is the State natural or artificial? Are there any alternatives to the State as we know it? – guiding questions for the unit Boarders are shifting, nation states as we know them are rather new, etc. Does every people have a nation? What is the difference between a people, a nation, and a state? The whole thing about nation states is already complicated oFor our purpose: nation states are new, not eternal, challenged by supra- and sub- nation statesEU is a supranational state – and complicatedSub nation states – attempt to pull apart a nation state from within Is there any justification for the state?oEmpirically speaking – states are real, they are data, they are confirmed by our senses Should the state command our highest loyalty? oBy filling out a selective service card you are submitting your highest loyalty to the state oRegistering to vote is highest loyalty to the state Uphold and defend the constitution oAsk not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country

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