Psych7 Study Guide: Exam #1 The following is meant to be a guide of the areas represented on the exam. You may assume that if a topic was covered in both the lecture and the text then it will likely be covered on the exam. If a topic covered in lecture is not on this study guide, it will not be on the exam. Exams will consist of 50 multiple choice questions, and you have the entire class time to complete them. About 5 - 10% of questions will come from textbook material that does not overlap with lectures . I highlighted those textbook sections in red below. Lecture #1 and Chapter 1; 8 questions 1. The Life Span perspectives (e.g., differential susceptibility, critical period, sensitive period) Life-span perspective is an approach to the study of human development that takes into account all phases of life, not just childhood or adulthood. • Has led to the realization that human development is multi-direction, multi- contextual, multi-cultural, and plastic • Multi-directional: multiple changes in every direction, with gains and & losses (critical and sensitive periods) • Multi-contextual: takes place within many contexts, including physical surroundings (climate, noise, population density, etc.) and family configurations (married couple, single parent, cohabiting couple, extended family, etc.) --- Income does not necessarily equal higher socioeconomic status (SES). Your SES is determined by your income, wealth, occupation, education, and place of residence • Multicultural: in order to study all kinds of people, it is essential that people of many cultures be considered. Social construction: idea built on shared perceptions in society, not a direct outcome of biology. Race: social construction that continues to lead to racism; based on appearance (skin color). Ethnic group consists of people whose ancestors were born in the same region and who often share a language, culture, and religion. • Multidisciplinary: pulling from different disciplines; genetics and neuroscience are two newer disciplines in lifespan research. For instance: overall, at least 12 factors are linked to depression. Each factor is related to research from a different discipline 1. Low serotonin in the brain, as a result of an allele of the gene for serotonin transport (neuroscience) 2. Childhood caregiver depression, especially postpartum depression with exclusive mother-care (psychopathology) 3. Low exposure to daylight, as in winter in higher latitudes (biology) 4. Malnutrition, particularly low hemoglobin (nutrition) 5. Lack of close friends, especially when entering a new culture, school, or neighborhood (anthropology) 6. Diseases, including Parkinson's and AIDS, and drugs to treat diseases (medicine) 7. Disruptive event, such as breakup with a romantic partner (sociology) 8. Death of mother before age 10 (psychology)
9. Absence of father during childhood—especially because of divorce, less so because of death or migration (family studies) 10. Family history of eating disorders (not necessarily of the depressed person) (genetics) 11. Poverty, especially in a nation where some people are very wealthy
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