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Education is noticed worldwide as an aim of, but also as a solution to nationaldevelopment and also the development of an individual’s way of life. Investment ineducation fosters economic growth, enhance productivity, contribute to national andsocial development, and reduce social inequality (World Bank, 1998). This is seen in theway educated and none educated contribute to the society and the nation eithereconomic, cultural, and socially. Hence, education systems needs to be constantlydeveloped and expanded so that it offer national development that the country desires,and further, design educational policies in conjunction with other globally agreed uponinternational legal instrument development policies which address the needs that thecountry desires to attain. For example, children’s rights to education which isaccessible, equitable, quality and conducive environment to the learners and educationparticipates which has lagged behind in many countries and Zambia alike. As aconsequence, this academic essay desires to discuss and provide examples ofeducation policies that have been shaped by the international legal instruments like theUnited Nations conventions on the rights of child (UNCRC). Key terms will be definedand the essay will go further to discuss implication of international legal instrument oneducation policies and thereafter a conclusion will be drawn Kogan (1975:55) defines policy as the “operational statements of values andauthoritative allocation of values”. therefore, policy can be understood as a broadstatement that sets out the government’s main goals and priorities which are in line withthe country’s constitution and can be sector-wide (education sector policy) or specific toa subsector (primary education) or to a certain issue (low enrolment rates).Subsequently, policy defines a particular stance, aiming to explore solutions to an issue.Thus, educational policy is “a specification of principles and actions, related toeducational issues, which are followed or which should be followed and designed tobring about desired goals” (Trowler, 2003, p.95). Legal instruments on the other hand, isa legal term of art that is used for any formerly executed written document that can beformally expresses a legally enforceable act, process, or contractual duty, obligation, orright, and therefore evidences that act, process, or agreements.
. All children in Zambia and the global at large have rights which in turn shape theirfuture, the future of their country, and the global future. Yet in poor countries, childrenface significant hurdles in securing basic standards of survival and developmentcomprised of poverty and ill-healthy children suffer successive blows of malnutrition,inadequate schooling and the like. Yet, Vulliamy (1990) posits that the literature ofeducation in developing countries in 21stcentury has been concerned with policies andsystem wide features of educational policies and innovation turned to everyday realities