introduction to cartography.docx - The History of Computer Cartography Essay Recent decades have seen a boom in the use of maps and it is connected with

introduction to cartography.docx - The History of Computer...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 43 pages.

The History of Computer Cartography Essay Recent decades have seen a boom in the use of maps, and it is connected with the emergence of Geographical Information Systems (GIS), which embodied a fundamentally new approach to working with spatial data. GIS is a modern computer technology for mapping and analysis of real-world objects and events, taking place on our planet, in our life and work. In other words, these are the tools that allow users to search, analyze and edit maps in digital format. Maps created with the help of GIS, can be considered a new generation of maps. Using GIS maps, we can put on them not only geographical, but also statistical, demographic, technological and many other types of data and to supplement them with a variety of analytical operations. But, even with the appearance of global positioning systems, the value of maps has not diminished, but only slightly changed. Maps have become electronic, and GPS receivers are often used as a convenient addition to the usual paper map. Mapping is one of the most ancient branches of human knowledge - its origins are from a distant past. It has evolved in conjunction with geography, whose mandate was to image the Earth's surface in the drawing. The study of the history of cartography allows you to understand its current state and tasks, to see more clearly the prospects for its future development. Presentation of the history of cartography is constructed in accordance with the general historical periodization, as the development of cartography is
Image of page 1
always determined by the needs of life and demands of production in different socio-economic systems. The Computer and Cartography Cartography and Mapping The map may be the oldest form of human communication. Cartography is young because it is a discipline that has been subjected to a series of revolutions in innovative technology. Special impact of the digital computer Cartography in a state of almost constant technological revolution. Computer Cartography Tools and methods Skills Specific to technology Latest (current) tool is the computer. Analytical Cartography (Tobler, 1976) return to historical and mathematical roots basic principles of cartography Examples: computational geometry, map projections. New Technologies: Stages of Adaptation (Morrison, 1980) Reluctance to use Replication of Previous Technology Full implementation Impact upon organizations
Image of page 2
History of Computer Cartography Tobler (1959) "Automation and Cartography" Map-in, map-out. Devices barely existed. CRT, digitizers. Initially, device specific code and new algorithms 1968 SYMAP at Harvard CIA CAM and WDBI and II. Realization of commercial value Device Control Improvements o Programming o CALCOMP, PLOT-10 Display Media Real and Virtual Maps Media beyond Paper New Cartographic Problems Application of the computer to entirely new problems Name Placement and Selection Maps from Images Integration with parallel fields
Image of page 3
Surveying GPS
Image of page 4
Image of page 5

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 43 pages?

  • Summer '19
  • DR KORIR
  • Cartography, Jennifer M. Smith, Cartography and Mapping

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes