Theology quiz 1 and 2.docx - Theology quiz 5 true and false...

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Theology quiz-5 true and false, 1 fill in, 4 MCWorld Religions:history of religion/ comparative religions/phenomology of religion/ religious studiesTime: end of the 19thcentury ~ relatively newPlace: GermanyWhat: Interest in academic study of religionWho: Friedrich Max Muller: Chips from a German Workshop (1867)-Inspired by Charles Darwin: origin of Species (1859)Religionswissenschaft: “Science of religions”Comparative study of religions: an autonomous discipline; analysis of common elements to deduce laws of evolution; especially to discover and define the origin of the first form of religionCurrent status: due to pioneering work of Muller, “science of religion”: field in most colleges MethodologyCross-cultural or pluralistHelpful to understand religion in generalRich array of religious phenomena from various culturesInterdisciplinary or polymethodicDraws from several academic disciplines (anthropology, psych, sociology, philosophy, history)Method is scientificEmpirical observationObjective considerationEffects of scientific methodology:Value-free descriptions of religious phenomenaGrowing popularity as an academic fieldCentral human phenomenon of being religious is explored through multiple lenses of humanities and social sciencesWhy study religion?World religions are intrinsically interestingWorld religions are necessary to understand the contemporary worldLiterature and art, History, Politics and conflictsWorld peace depends upon knowledge and respect of religious differencesdemonstrates that ignorance of the world’s religions is no longer an optionPeople of formerly exotic cultures are now our neighborsglobal village: metaphoric shrinking of the world into a village through the use of electronic media. The world is now viewed as a single community linked by telecommunicationsAs the global community grows ever more close-knit, the relevance of religion in our day to day lives will continue to increase, not only at the level of international affairs but locally also.

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