Regulatory Systems Paper.docx - Avery Reneau June 28th 2019 Regulatory Systems Paper As the most widely used herbicide in the world glyphosate is

Regulatory Systems Paper.docx - Avery Reneau June 28th 2019...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 6 pages.

Avery ReneauJune 28th, 2019Regulatory Systems PaperAs the most widely used herbicide in the world, glyphosate is typically utilized for its ability to control the growth of weeds within the agricultural industry, and that of vegetation for non-agricultural purposes (Gillezeau et al. 2019). Since it was introduced in 1974, glyphosate use has dramatically increased due to glyphosate-resistant genetically modified vegetation (Gillezeau et al. 2019). Glyphosate is found in popular weed killers like Round-Up. Glyphosate has been the subject of regular assessments by national and international regulatory agencies (Williams et al. 2000). They all established that glyphosate has a relatively low toxicity in mammals; however, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) concluded that the herbicide and its formulated products are “probably carcinogenic” in humans (Guyton et al. 2015). When this report released, a wave of food lawsuits were directed towards one company in particular Mosanto. Monsanto owns companies such as General Mill’s, Frito Lay, Heinz, etc. Mosanto lost a $289 Million verdict on the levels of glyphosate in their food products, specifically cheerios, and what it had to do with the development of cancer within a man who ate their products. As the IARC discovered that glyphosate is carcinogenic, they realized that children and the elderly were at high risk with developing issues from consuming glyphosate. Herbicide tolerance has to be agricultures most important genetic modification. According to theUSDA, the use of glyphosate on farm land from 1993- 2016 has increased 500 percent (Mills et al. 2017). It is so widely popular, that Americans alone have applied 1.8 million tons of glyphosate since its introduction in 1974. Worldwide 9.4 million tons of chemical has been sprayed on fields (Mills et al. 2017). The IARC classified glyphosate as “probably carcinogenic”, and associated glyphosate and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. On March 28th, 2017, the California Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of
Background image
Environmental Health Hazard Assessment confirmed that it would add glyphosate to California’s “65 list of chemicals known to cause cancer (Zheng et al. 2019). The Environmental Protection Agency creates federal laws to protect human health and the environment are enforced properly. They determined glyphosate is safe in a low dosage (Zhang et. al 2019). However, there seemed to be a conflict of interest
Background image
Image of page 3

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture