SA 326 Readings #2.docx - Fitz Simmons and Goodman(1998 Points What is nature according to the enlightenment What is the primary relationship between

SA 326 Readings #2.docx - Fitz Simmons and Goodman(1998...

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Fitz Simmons and Goodman (1998) Points What is nature according to the enlightenment? What is the primary relationship between society and nature? What is the enlightenment legacy of the ontological and historical abstraction of the nature? Environmental history (geographers and historians develop an approach which was based on critique of enlightenment thinking and propose a solution to hieratical thinking) and Marxist political economy (rejects nature and cultural, society and nature, and offer another approach) P 196- dialectical meaning changing each other Nature brings constrain on humans Climate change, the agency of nature They don’t integrate society and nature together Seperates from human society Enlightenment thinking- separate Nature has no role in the interaction Relationship between two identities- what they don’t like about history If you change nature you are changing your way of interacting with nature Constant state of change- nature Mode of production –contribution to change to human (produce its own values) by interacting with nature –makes you human human labor is they key and mode of production shape the relationship between human and nature actions are imposed on nature humans have advantage nature can only react back separation is not clear (maxist economy) active network theory- connecting of networks , nothing excels all humans and objects are equal Marxism everything is equal and connected No dualism because there are many actors in it Identifying relationship is the key Actor-network theory Michael callon Humans and non-humans are parts of social network The relationships and practices of actor Hybrid: anything that combines social and natural aspects Nothing is purely social or natural Socionature
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Actors Heterogeneous Humans, non-humans, ideas, institutions
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