Military-History-Notes-01

Military-History-Notes-01 - Iraq War 2003-2007 Historical...

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Unformatted text preview: Iraq War 2003-2007 Historical Background Iraq under the Ottomans 1500s to 1918 Iraq under the British 1918 to 1932 Iraq under the Hashemites 1932 to 1958 Baathists take over 1969 Saddam Hussein takes over 1979 Iraq/Iran war 1981-88 Persian Gulf War 1990/91 Run up to current Iraq war U.N. Sanctions No-Fly Zones Saddam Husseins weapons of mass destruction???? President Clintons strategy towards Iraq President Bushs strategy towards Iraq 9/11s impact Iraq Historical Time line 1920 25 April - Iraq is placed under British mandate. 1921 23 August - Faysal, son of Hussein Bin Ali, the Sharif of Mecca, is crowned Iraq's first king. 1932 3 October - Iraq becomes an independent state. 1958 14 July - The monarchy is overthrown in a military coup led by Brig Abd-al-Karim Qasim and Col Abd-al-Salam Muhammad Arif. Iraq is declared a republic and Qasim becomes prime minister. 1963 8 February - Qasim is ousted in a coup led by the Arab Sot Ba'th Party (ASBP). Arif becomes president. 1963 18 November - The Ba'thist government is overthrown by Arif and a group of officers. 1966 17 April - After Arif is killed in a helicopter crash on 13 April, his elder brother, Maj-Gen Abd-al-Rahman Muhammad Arif, succeeds him as president. 1968 17 July - A Ba'thist led-coup ousts Arif and Gen Ahmad Hasan al- Bakr becomes president. 1970 11 March - The Revolution Command Council (RCC) and Mullah Mustafa Barzani, leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), sign a peace agreement. 1972 - A 15-year Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation is signed between Iraq and the Soviet Union. 1972- Iraq nationalizes the Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC). 1974- In implementation of the 1970 agreement, Iraq grants limited autonomy to the Kurds but the KDP rejects it. 1975 March- At a meeting of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in Algiers, Iraq and Iran sign a treaty ending their border disputes. 1979 16 July- President Al-Bakr resigns and is succeeded by Vice- President Saddam Hussein. 1980 1 April- The pro-Iranian Da'wah Party claims responsibility for an attack on Deputy Prime Minister, Tariq Aziz, at Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad. Iran-Iraq War 1980 4 September - Iran shells Iraqi border towns (Iraq considers this as the start of the Iran/Iraq war). 1980 17 September - Iraq abrogates the 1975 treaty with Iran. 1980 22 September - Iraq attacks Iranian air bases. 1980 23 September - Iran bombs Iraqi military and economic targets. 1981 7 June - Israel attacks an Iraqi nuclear research centre at Tuwaythah near Baghdad. 1988 16 March - Iraq is said to have used chemical weapons against the Kurdish town of Halabjah....
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Military-History-Notes-01 - Iraq War 2003-2007 Historical...

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