APUSH Quarter 3 Test #2 Study Guide - APUSH Quarter 3 Test...

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APUSH Quarter 3 Test #2:Gilded Era and Progressive EraTest: A Day- 3/15, B Day- 3/16NotesChapter 16: The Conquest of the Far WestOliver Kelly- Dept. of AgricultureFarmer’s Cooperatives (businesses owned and run by farmers to save the costs chargedby middlemen)1867, “Grange”Farmer’s allianceCollective Bargaining- buy in bulk→ retailers → RRBegan as: Economic movement towards reform to a → political movementLaissez-FaireMonetary policyTariffsPR land grantsGov. regulation= problem in Gilded AgePoliticians esp. @ fed. Level were ‘owned’ by big business (“Bosses of theSenate”)1870s- Illinois: “Granger Costs”Illinois passed laws regulating RR rates1877, Munn v. IllinoisMunn= RR owner, “Illinois doesn’t have the right to regulate rates”Interstate v. intrastateRuling: Supreme Court upheld Illinois law (Illinoiscanregulate rates of RRs thatrun through Illinois)1886, Wabash v. IllinoisWabash= RR companyRuled unconstitutional: state cannot regulate interstate commercePres. Grover Cleveland (Dem.)Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)Fact finding commission, has no ‘teeth’, issues injunctions, cannot finecompanies5 man board appointed by pres. - make sure RR & telegraph rates are ‘fair and

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Term
Spring
Professor
Hoffman
Tags
Trade union, Knights of Labor, Industrial unionism

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