week 5 discussion post.docx - During the Kamakura period in...

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During the Kamakura period in Japan it was the shogun that controlled the civil and military laws. The shoguns located in the capital of Kamakura were the ultimate authority in Japan, not the emperor. The emperor still stayed in Kyoto. It was the two warring clans, Minamoto and Taira that battled for control but during the Gempei War, the Minamoto clan saw the defeat of the Taira clan. It was then that the shoguns launched a feudal system in Japan, and the title shogun would pass down from generation to generation to the eldest son in the Minamoto family (UMUC module week 5).It was also during this time that arts and architecture continually flourished. In the Byodoin Temple, located in the Kyoto prefecture, a large gilded bronze Amida Buddha statue was constructed. An advanced method used at the time and still adored to this day. Zen Buddhism also took flight in this time period and gained huge popularity and influence. Brought to Japan by monk Eisai, its prominence on meditation, restraint, self-reliance, being in “the now”, it appealed greatly to the samurai and warrior class and spread throughout all of Japan. As it spread it seemed to affect everyday life in Japan from martial arts, ikebana, to tea ceremonies (Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Japan).During the Kamakura period, the Mongols tried their hand at invading Japan to no avail. Once the Mongols seized control of China and made Korea to help them, they dispatched naval fleets with Goryeo to subjugate Japan. Kublai Khan wanted resources and power. He had demanded Japan to pay

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