Lewis 1Emily Lewis World History 1112Professor Laura MullinsOctober 1, 2017Ottoman Empire Versus the Mughal EmpireiThe Ottomans and the Mughals were both powerful Islamic empires that lasted for many centuries. The Mughal empire was founded in India during the 1500’s and declined during the 1800’s. The Ottoman controlled land in Asia Minor, part of Europe and part of North Africa during the from 1300 to 1919. They both expanded land, became prosperous economically, had strong leaders who shaped a lasting government, and created modernized armies. Though they had many similarities, they also had many differences that set them apart from each other such asdifferent religious beliefs, political structure and military focuses.The Ottoman’s location near the Indian ocean in both Europe and Asia gave it leverage tobecome a profitable trading empire. The empire’s taxes on trade created revenue and they took control of imports and exports such as metals, wheat and cotton, silk, spices and textiles. Venice was responsible for most of the trading and carrying of goods while The Ottomans just taxed the goods that were being traded. They traded wheat and ashes used for glass, so the dependability on these items helped create large profits for the Ottomans. The Ottomans also relied on agriculture, making it an agrarian economy. Peasants were protected by the rulers to encourage
Lewis 2farming. Farmers not only relied on crops but also animals such as cows for milk and sheep for wool. The Mughals also relied heavily on agriculture for economic success. Land was cleared in rural areas and was dedicated to farming. The Mughals produced a lightweight cotton fabric that the Europeans were very fond of. They also grew tobacco, sugarcane, pepper, ginger, indigo,silk and opium. Like the Ottomans, taxes were placed on these goods helping the economy grow.