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Period 4: 1800-1848CH 8 (1800-1815)●Revolution of 1800: first peaceful transition of power from one party to another○Passed to Thomas Jefferson--Democratic-Republican●Jefferson’s Presidency:○Believed in majority rule, turn away from urbanization & instead promote agriculture, go state rights, limited federal gov○Decline of Federalistsled to period of one party rule●Partisan Bitterness:○(1803) Marbury v Madison- Chief Just. Marshall says there are individual rights that Pres can’t override■est. principle of judicial review--can say acts of Congress&Pres are unconstitutional, gave authority to make definitive rulings based on meaning of Const.●(1803) Louisiana Purchase: (bargain) $15 million US buys Louisiana territory from France-- US size doubles○Napoleon agrees bc Haitian Rev. struggles & rebounding from F&I War○Includes New Orleans & Mississippi River-- opens trade w West (Europe)●(1807) Embargo Act: bc France&Brit keep seizing/impressing US ships○Act prohibits US ships from leaving ports until Brit&France stahp--intends to hurttheir economy○Unintended effect--US commerce stops bc can’t trade (farmers=unemployed, bankrupt), so industrializationin North starts○Jefferson resolves w (1808) Non-Intercourse Act- lifts trade embargoes--keeps neutrality unless France/Brit violates●(1809) Tecumseh & Western Confederacy: made of Indians starts again-- continuity of Pan-Indian groups united religiously○Cause of War of 1812-- Brit support for native resistance to US’s western exp.●War of 1812: seizure of US ships + Brit native support = calls for US war @ Brit○“War hawks = Henry Clay, John C Calhoun (Southerners)○opposers= Federalists (mainly in North) bc war would hurt trade-- (1814) Hartford Convention of Federalists discuss secession, but seems unpatriotic leading to their downfall○(1814) Brit bombs @Baltimore, US survives strike-insp. for StarSpangledBanner○Result- (1814) Treaty of Ghent- (Belgium) ends war, US boundaries= same as before war& war interrupted trade, contributing to Industrialization (began by EmbargoAct)●(1815) Battle of New Orleans: (happens after Treaty signed)○Andrew Jackson= war hero, 1820s new head of Dem. Partay
CH 10 (1820-1840)●Democratic Reforms: majority will & not ruling class○(1820s) universal manhood suffrage- voting rights for all white males●(1820) Monroe Presidency: post War of 1812, began w surge of nationalism-- “Era of Good Feelings”○Marshall Court rulings- cont. to oppose states’ rights&strengthen fed gov pwr○(1820-23)Monroe Doctrine- new American foreign policy--EU pwrs stay out of internal affairs of American nations, US won’t interfere with affair of EU●1824 Election: many new voters voting on their interests-- popular vote mattered○Bw John Quincy Adams, Calhoun, Clay, and Jackson (war hero)○Jackson won popular vote but not enough Electoral College-- Quincy Adams= Pres w Clay’s help●John Quincy Adams Presidency: ○American System- strong fed gov. to bolster domestic manufacturing, sponsored improvements of canals/roads, facilitated commerce and settlement in West○