exam 2: periods 4-5 - Period 4 1800-1848 CH 8(1800-1815 \u25cf Revolution of 1800 first peaceful transition of power from one party to another \u25cb Passed

exam 2: periods 4-5 - Period 4 1800-1848 CH 8(1800-1815...

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Period 4: 1800-1848 CH 8 (1800-1815) Revolution of 1800 : first peaceful transition of power from one party to another Passed to Thomas Jefferson --Democratic-Republican Jefferson’s Presidency : Believed in majority rule, turn away from urbanization & instead promote agriculture, go state rights, limited federal gov Decline of Federalists led to period of one party rule Partisan Bitterness : (1803) Marbury v Madison - Chief Just. Marshall says there are individual rights that Pres can’t override est. principle of judicial review --can say acts of Congress&Pres are unconstitutional, gave authority to make definitive rulings based on meaning of Const. (1803) Louisiana Purchase : (bargain) $15 million US buys Louisiana territory from France-- US size doubles Napoleon agrees bc Haitian Rev. struggles & rebounding from F&I War Includes New Orleans & Mississippi River-- opens trade w West (Europe) (1807) Embargo Act : bc France&Brit keep seizing/impressing US ships Act prohibits US ships from leaving ports until Brit&France stahp--intends to hurt their economy Unintended effect --US commerce stops bc can’t trade (farmers=unemployed, bankrupt), so industrialization in North starts Jefferson resolves w (1808) Non-Intercourse Act - lifts trade embargoes--keeps neutrality unless France/Brit violates (1809) Tecumseh & Western Confederacy : made of Indians starts again-- continuity of Pan-Indian groups united religiously Cause of War of 1812 -- Brit support for native resistance to US’s western exp. War of 1812 : seizure of US ships + Brit native support = calls for US war @ Brit “War hawks = Henry Clay, John C Calhoun (Southerners) opposers = Federalists (mainly in North) bc war would hurt trade-- (1814) Hartford Convention of Federalists discuss secession, but seems unpatriotic leading to their downfall (1814) Brit bombs @Baltimore, US survives strike-insp. for StarSpangledBanner Result- (1814) Treaty of Ghent - (Belgium) ends war, US boundaries= same as before war& war interrupted trade, contributing to Industrialization (began by EmbargoAct) (1815) Battle of New Orleans : (happens after Treaty signed) Andrew Jackson = war hero, 1820s new head of Dem. Partay
CH 10 (1820-1840) Democratic Reforms : majority will & not ruling class (1820s) universal manhood suffrage - voting rights for all white males (1820) Monroe Presidency : post War of 1812 , began w surge of nationalism-- “Era of Good Feelings Marshall Court rulings - cont. to oppose states’ rights&strengthen fed gov pwr (1820-23)Monroe Doctrine - new American foreign policy--EU pwrs stay out of internal affairs of American nations, US won’t interfere with affair of EU 1824 Election : many new voters voting on their interests-- popular vote mattered Bw John Quincy Adams, Calhoun, Clay, and Jackson (war hero) Jackson won popular vote but not enough Electoral College-- Quincy Adams = Pres w Clay’s help John Quincy Adams Presidency : American System - strong fed gov. to bolster domestic manufacturing, sponsored improvements of canals/roads, facilitated commerce and settlement in West

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