Lecture 7The American Independence War 1775-1883Dr. Kazi Maruful IslamAdjunct Faculty, Department of History and Philosophy[email protected]Summer 2019HIS 205: World HistoryDepartment of History and Philosophy; North South UniversitySection 4 and 5
The American Revolution1775-1883American War of Independence is also known as the American Revolution. It was fought between great Britain and the thirteen colonies. The result was the formation of a new nation-the United States of America.
The American Revolution1775-1883Fighting between British soldiers and the American Patriots began April 19,1775, at Lexington and Concorde, Massachusetts. The war’s last major battle was at Yorktown, Virginia during September and October Yorktown 1781. Britain formally recognized America independence with the signing of the treaty of Paris on September 3, 1783.
How did it Begin?: French and Indian WarFight between the English and French over control of the land in North America. The English wanted to push west, but the French blocked them. The war started over land disputes between the two nations. Each side used Native Americans to help fight the war. 3
How did it begin?: The Albany Congress 1754 At the beginning of the war, the English colonies sent delegates to a meeting held in Albany, New York. Iroquois Indians were also present. Benjamin Franklin proposed a plan for unifying the English colonies. Under this plan, each colonial legislature would elect delegates to an American continental assembly presided over by a royal governor. The plan was not approved by the English Parliament: they feared the new assembly would be too powerful for Parliament to control.
Events leading to the American RevolutionBritain was deeply in debt following the French and Indian war (1754-1763) Once the war was won, Britain began passing laws and taxes to increase its control over the colonies and regain some of the money it had spent.
Major issues that angered the Colonists:1.The Proclamation of 1763– England’s King George forbid colonist to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.2.The Sugar Act of 1764– placed a 3 cent –penny tax on each gallon of molasses that entered the colonies from outside the British Empire.
Major Issues that Angered the Colonists3.The Stamp Act of 1765– required colonist to pay for tax stamps on newspapers, and various legal documents. Parliament abolished the Act in 1766.Americans are angry with tax: Say the tax is unfair: “No Taxation Without Representation.” Americans begin to organize and protest the taxes.
Major issues that angered the Colonists:4.The Townshend Acts of 1767placed a duty on imported goods including glass, lead, paint, and paper. Americans responded by not buying British goods.
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- Fall '16
- World History, American Revolution, United States Declaration of Independence