Chapter 9 Essay Questions.docx

Chapter 9 Essay Questions.docx - Yui Fuchigami Chapter 9...

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Yui Fuchigami Chapter 9 Critical-Thinking Essay Questions Your answers to these kinds of questions demonstrate an ability to comprehend and apply ideas discussed in this chapter. 1. Identify major physical developmental changes of adolescence, and relate these to psychological changes. Answer: Breast start to develop in girls. Girls' body shape starts to change e.g. hips starts to broaden. During adolescence stage, the following are the changes to expect in boys External genital will start to grow. boys will grow spurt during adolescence During adolescence both boys and girls experience change in body size, girls grows breast, and their bodies grows spurt and boys experience general body grow spurt, they become taller, external genitals grow. This in return makes them feel that they are no younger and need to start living their independent life away from their parents support in terms of thoughts, emotions and economy. Many starts to struggle to meet their needs without depending on their parent. The forming of the peer groups also shows psychological change where they prefer to walk with their peers of the same sex rather staying around their parents and becomes less concerned with the family activities. 2. Explain why physical development during puberty seems to cause so much more concern to individuals at this age than physical development does at any other ages. Answer: Physical development during puberty seems to cause so much more concern to individuals at this age than physical development does at any other ages. This is because physical development during puberty makes adolescents so much concerned about how they appear to others and especially their peers. The physical development during puberty differ with gender. For girls, we see breast development, change in body shape and even increase in weight and height. For boys, we see change in body shape and height, beard growth and even enlargement of the scrotum and even penis growth. 3. Compare and contrast early and late maturers, and discuss positive and negative consequences for each type of individual. Answer: According to Santrock (2007), adolescents who mature earlier or later than their friends have different outlooks of themselves. For instance, early-maturing males had positive outlooks of themselves and had more successful friendships, compared to late-maturing males. Yet, late-maturing males in their thirties developed a stronger sense of identity than early- maturing males. The stronger sense of identity may be due to late-maturing males having more time to explore their life choices or because early-maturing males focused on their physical status instead of career development. Most recently, research claims that during adolescence it is advantageous to be an early-maturing male. However, this is not the same for females.
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  • Fall '18
  • Cheryl Timm
  • Theory of cognitive development

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