Chapter 15: \u201cWhat is Freedom?\u201d Reconstruction 102 - Indian and english relations Causes of the civil war Liberty self-ownership religion autonomy

Chapter 15: u201cWhat is Freedom?u201d Reconstruction 102...

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Indian and english relations Causes of the civil war Liberty: self-ownership, religion, autonomy Who won the war of 1812 13th, 14th, 15th Reconstruction Amendments Reconstruction Multiple choice questions from canvas ;Chapter 15: “What is Freedom?”: Reconstruction The Meaning of Freedom Blacks and the Meaning of Freedom African-Americans’ understanding of freedom was shaped by their experience as slaves and observation of the free society around them Blacks relished the opportunity to demonstrate their liberation from the regulations (significant and trivial) associated with slavery Families in Freedom The family was central to the post emancipation black community Freedom subtly altered relationships within the family Emancipation increased the power of black men within the family Black women withdrew from work as field laborers and house servants to the domestic sphere Church and School Blacks abandoned white-controlled religious institutions to create churches of their own Blacks of all ages flocked to the schools established by northern missionary societies, the Freedmen’s Bureau, and groups of ex-slaves Political Freedom The right to vote inevitably became central to the former slaves’ desire for empowerment and equality To demonstrate their patriotism, blacks throughout the South organized Fourth of July celebrations Land, Labor, and Freedom Former slaves’ ideas of freedom were directly related to land ownership Many former slaves insisted that through their unpaid labor, they had acquired a right to the land Masters without Slaves The South’s defeat was complete and demoralizing males died Planter families faced profound changes Most planters defined black freedom in the narrowest manner The Free Labor Vision The victorious Republican North tried to implement its own vision of freedom Free labor The Freedmen’s Bureau was to establish a working free labor system
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The Freedmen’s Bureau Establishing schools, providing aid to the poor and aged, settling disputes, was daunting, especially since it had fewer than 1,000 agents The Bureau’s achievements in some areas, notably education and health care, were striking The Failure of Land Reform President Andrew Johnson ordered nearly all land in federal hands returned to its former owners Because no land distribution took place, the vast majority of rural freedpeople remained poor and without property during Reconstruction Sharecropping came to dominate the cotton South and much of the tobacco belt Sharecropping initially arose as a compromise between blacks’ desire for land and planters’ desire for labor discipline The White Farmer The aftermath of the war hurt small white farmers
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